ch 7 psych notes.docx - Chapter 7 Operant Conditioning...

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Chapter 7 Operant Conditioning Edward thorndike > Puzzle box: hungry cat > Law of effect: rewarded behavior tends to recur Bf skinner > Behaviorist interested in learning of everyday behavior > Operant conditioning Shaping Successive approximation Reinforcement (increases behavior) Positive > Add something good or pleasant (reinforcing stimulus) Negative > Subtracts (escapes) or prevents (avoids) unpleasant stimulus (punishing stimulus) Punishment (decreased behavior) Positive > Add something aversive (punishing stimulus) (punishment by application) Negative > Subtract pleasant stimulus (reinforcing stimulus) (punishment by removal) Partial reinforcement effect Continuous reinforcement: every time you do something Partial reinforcement: if you only get the reward every so many times --- most common
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