FA2017_PSY2083_6_Killing and the Existence of Resistance_handout.ppt

FA2017_PSY2083_6_Killing and the Existence of Resistance_handout.ppt

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Killing and the Existence of Resistance Psychology of Trauma (PSY 2083) Leah Hall, PhD
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Resistance to Killing Societal fascination with killing “Have you ever killed anyone?” Societal assumption that soldiers in battle have killed to defend our freedom, because his country and leaders had asked him too Only 15-20% of soldiers “would take any part with their weapons” ~ US Army Brigadier General Marshall (Military Historian) Mass interviews of soldiers following WWII in 400 infantry companies gave the same results Failure to fire did not mean that these men ran or were cowards, but that they did not fire their weapons even in the face of direct attack
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Resistance to Killing “Simple and demonstrable fact that there is within most men an intense resistance to killing their fellow man. A resistance so strong that, in many circumstances, soldiers on the battlefield will die before they can overcome it.” ~ Lt. Col. Grossman
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New Look at Fight or Flight Grossman postulates that assuming fight-flight are the only responses to intraspecies aggression is historically and scientifically inaccurate 4 options Fight---flight--- posture- --- submit Addition of posture and submit helps better explain actions on the battlefield (e.g., historical low firing rates) First decision: posture or flee “Soldiers have always instinctively sought to daunt the enemy though nonviolent means prior to physical conflict” ~ Grossman
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New Look at Fight or Flight Goal of posturing: to intimidate to encourage others to flee without attempting the fight option Posturing is almost always harmless When humans are frightened they think with the midbrain rather than the forebrain (animalistic) If posturing is ineffective, the options then become to fight, flee, or submit Almost all cultures in the world display the same decision making pattern
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Posturing Through History
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New Look at Fight or Flight The posturing, mock battle, and submission process is vital to the survival of the species Prevents needless deaths and ensures that young males
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