Cemeteries_NR eligibility_2014_FINAL.doc

Cemeteries_NR eligibility_2014_FINAL.doc - Updated August...

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1 . Elmwood Cemetery in Norfolk was listed in the National Register in 2013. Updated August 2014 OVERVIEW OF NATIONAL REGISTER ELIGIBILITY OF HISTORIC CEMETERIES Virginia has numerous historic cemeteries that are located in urban, suburban, and rural settings. The types of cemeteries include prehistoric, pioneer, family, church, slave, community, institutional, and military, as well as burial grounds for victims of epidemics and potter’s fields. Cemeteries can be listed in the National Register of Historic Places as long as specific criteria are met. These criteria are outlined below. Next, methods for researching cemeteries, a brief overview of cemeteries in Virginia, and the evaluation process for National Register eligibility are explained. The special status of America’s national cemeteries is discussed in the concluding section. At the end of this document, a bibliography lists the references that were used to prepare the guidance herein. Much more detailed guidance for evaluating and nominating a historic cemetery to the National Register is available in National Register Bulletin 41: Guidelines for Evaluating and Registering Cemeteries and Burial Places , the full text of which is available online at . Significance, Integrity, National Register Criteria and Criteria Considerations In order for a cemetery to be eligible for the National Register of Historic Places, it must be significant . The quality of significance in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture is present in districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association, and that meet at least one of the standard National Register’s Criteria for Evaluation. The four Criteria for Evaluation are as follows: A. Associated with events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history; or B. Associated with the lives of persons significant in our past; or C. Embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction, or that represent the work of a master, or that possess high artistic values, or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction; or D. Have yielded or may be likely to yield, information important in prehistory or history. For a cemetery to qualify under Criterion A, B, or C, it must cross one of two additional thresholds: the cemetery must be an integral, contributing element to a larger resource that meets one or more of the Criteria (i.e., a church, plantation, settlement, etc.) or the cemetery must meet at least one of seven M:\ResourceInformation\REGISTER\Register_Guidance_Documents
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Updated August 2014 Criteria Considerations that provide opportunities for further clarification of the resource’s historic significance.
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  • Spring '14
  • KevinN.Klein
  • History

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