REL101 Review.docx - REL101 Review 1 Iconic/Aniconic a...

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REL101 Review 1. Iconic/Aniconic a. Iconic - a religious attitude toward art which advocates the use of image in representational or anthropomorphic figure of identifiable and known reality / the use of drawing and painting in depicting the sacred beings or sacred stories. - Popular in Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity. For example: Mary as Theotokos or Jesus Christ as the Pantocrator, Hindu gods, Buddha and Bodhisattva… b. Aniconic - a religious attitude toward art which rejects the use of image and exemplifies in nonrepresentational images to facilitate contemplation, devotion, and worship. - popular in Islam, Zen Buddhism. Examples: the use of calligraphy, Brahman in Hinduism 2. Charisma - a spiritual power or extraordinary personal quality of virtue that gives an individual influence or authority over large numbers of people; not accessible to ordinary people but regarded as of divine origin or as exemplary; the people who have it are treated as leader. - a place that has spiritual power or connection with god. - almost all religions have charismatic leader, the one for people to look at and follow to have a better personality, for example Dalai Lama, Mose… 3. Ritual: - a culturally constructed system of symbolic communication constituted of patterned and ordered sequences, words and acts. Type: - Commemorative: the ritual remembering of a religiously significant event, the celebration or re-enactment of a legendary or historical event deemed central to a religion - Rites of passage: rituals that mark and sanctify changes in the stages of one’s life, such as rituals performed at birth or puberty or death
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- Sacrament: a set of rituals rooted in the authority of Jesus, to give access to an intimate union with the divine and to be efficacious for salvation - Crisis: exorcism - Calendar: Significance: transition of life, gain purity, feel relation to Ultimate Being 4. Spirit possession: any unusual state of consciousness and allied behavior that is indigenously understood in terms of the influence of an alien spririt, demon or deity. - Central possession: highly valued by at least a segment of society and support the society's moral, political, and religious assumptions. In these cases possession is considered desirable, and the spirits are generally thought to be sympathetic. - Peripheral possession: does not support, at least directly, the moral, political, and religious order. In these cases possession is considered undesirable and requires some form of cure such as exorcism, and the spirits are thought to be malign.
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  • Spring '17
  • Prof. A. Gallagher
  • The Bible

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