Lecture Notes Day 05 Monteverdi-2.pdf

Lecture Notes Day 05 Monteverdi-2.pdf - Lifestyles(and...

This preview shows page 1 out of 7 pages.

Lifestyles (and music) of the Rich and Famous: Monteverdi, Purcell & early opera Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) Perhaps the most important musician in late 16th- and early 17th-century Italy, he excelled in nearly all the major genres of the period. His nine books of madrigals consolidated the achievement of the late Renaissance masters and cultivated new aesthetic and stylistic paradigms for the musical Baroque. In his operas for Mantua and Venice he took the experiments of the Florentines (who originally invented opera circa 1600) and developed powerful ways of expressing and structuring musical drama. His three major collections of liturgical and devotional music transcend the merely functional, exploiting his rich understanding of theatrical music and combining the polyphonic tradition of the Renaissance with the musical-dramatic expression of the Baroque. A composer of both high Renaissance and early Baroque music, Monteverdi was a transitional composer who bridged between these two musical style periods, composing in and epitomizing the styles and genres of both style periods, composing a great deal of sacred and secular music for voices and instruments in all combinations. In 1590 Monteverdi began working at the court of Vincenzo I of Gonzaga in Mantua as a vocalist and viol player, and by 1602 he had become conductor there. He published his music and worked his way up in the musical hierarchy of the court over a period of many years. In 1613 Monteverdi was appointed music director at San Marco Cathedral in Venice, a very prestigious position. Monteverdi composed OPERAS (a new genre invented circa 1600) that were performed in the local opera houses of Venice. Most of these high quality works survive, and they have earned Monteverdi the distinction as the first great composer of opera . They are still performed today. He traveled regularly to the wealthy Italian court of Ferrara, where he wrote music for a famous group of professional female singers known as the Concerto delle donne (Ensemble of the Ladies). Monteverdi published eight books of MADRIGALS between 1587 and 1643 (a ninth was published after his death). Many consider these works to be the epitome of their genre circa 1600. In 1600 the music theorist Giovanni Artusi published an essay in which he attacked Monteverdi s music, criticizing the composer s most recent madrigals for a failure to treat dissonance in accordance with the rules established by earlier, venerated music theorists. Basically, Artusi demonstrated (with the aid of music examples) that Monteverdi s music emphasized the dissonance more strongly than was generally thought acceptable. In a written response, Monteverdi s brother explained that dissonances forbidden by the older style the prima pratica (first practice) or stile antico (old style) are justified in the new music by the affections (emotional qualities) suggested by the texts. This controversy highlights a change in musical style and practice, as the Renaissance aesthetic gave way to the new and emotionally dynamic music of the Baroque era.
Image of page 1
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern