2017-10-30 14-36.pdf - LEARNING EXERCISES MATCHING WORD...

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Unformatted text preview: LEARNING EXERCISES MATCHING WORD PARTS 1 Write the correct answer in the middle column. Possible Answers Definition Correct Answer a («‘[o 10.1. feeling 657% psych/o 0 10.2. brain 3/? Egg hfl’lz encephaI/o 10.3. bruise COW-7L” Si 0 contus/o {I (4 0 C O O m... [fire—#0.» .......... a 10.5. .1... we... ML «M. a G G G G C C G C I MATCHING WORD PARTS 2 Write the correct answer in the middle column. Definition Correct Answer Possible Answers 10.6. membrane covering men I h [D -esthesia the brain 10.7. process of producing a (—29%— -graphy picture 10.8. sensation, feeling ’- 65 M6570. radicuI/o 10.9. spinal cord ‘JM— mening/o 10.10. nerve root radla’d 0 myel/o MATCHING WORD PARTS 3 Write the correct answer in the middle column. Definition Correct Answer Possible Answers 0 a. 10.11. abnormal fear ———£hblfi -tropic _ _ - - ads 0 1012 burning sensatlon ————C—,L~ -phobia H THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND MENTAL HEALT 10.13, brain Cefeér 0 neur/o 10.14. nerve, nerves ”Mo—f,” cerebr/o 10.15. having an affinity for " [.6 caus/o DEFINITIONS Select the correct answer, and write it on the line provided. 10.16. The space between two neurons or between a neuron and a receptor organ is known as asymm. . dendrite ganglion plexus synapse 10.17. The white protective covering over some parts of the spinal cord and the axon of most peripheral nerves is the—w myelin sheath neuroglia neurotransmitter pia mater 10.18. The WW/fl’ are the root-like structures of a nerve that receive impulses and conduct them to the cell body. axons dendrites ganglions neurotransmitters 10.19. The [4/ ”76/5, is the layer of the meninges that is located nearest to the brain and spinal cord. arachnoid membrane dura mater meninx pia mater 10.20. Seven vital body functions are regulated by the OMMaIJ/LLLY . cerebral cortex cerebellum hypothalamus thalamus . .4 .1 10.21. The M nerves are the division of the autonomic nervous system that pre— I pare the body for emergencies and stress. afferent parasympathetic peripheral sympathetic 10.22. A #_ E “S is a network of intersecting nerves. ganglion plexus synapse tract CHN‘W‘R N WARNING i \l h‘t‘lSl 5 the! ’/"/;cm( Wm“ “W H .. m ,‘3 i‘muutl tu‘iws aw mu ut the pvilll'WWl , I 37 munumuu wuu ul INN“ W 1 i A .i i U in ‘t l‘lw 'MG/Q‘Wt’é inlays It‘iiiiiin‘ stimuli “mil th [\ 3 ivmlmtl «\nifi‘ ‘ llmluuum . tumlulln uliiuuuuiu i i lhu ‘ |iluul runl tuul uthllmll” ' o {in l : wu‘lwlhuu I“ imiimliuuus i :51 . ‘ , , il (“NHL 1 5 . . - m luuln and spin: fl min. the 59/90???“ (L nvumus mm- hupulsus uum hunt ll l: l1“- - . wusuw \ N‘ :iiiixnxiu ussm‘ltuiw pilm m u a k r ‘ (4 il l MATCHING STRUCTURES I "r: \\‘n‘tv the correct nusmu' in the middle column. a u l :l] ‘ fir“ ! Definition (Sun-om Amiwvr I twill)“: Al‘llw | ‘ i tl-‘ 10.26. connects the brain uud spinnl mnl helium fl umlullu uhlnugulu a: ' 1 .| I h Maw hypothulnmus HUT. controls \‘iinl body =.___,__m,¢ m.“ functions 10.28. munlinutes muscular cereb Guam trot‘uhrum O a _______________. 6 activity 10.29. controls basic survival CduZ/a. 0 biwgmcembullum 6 ll I G G 6 functions Web mm bruinstom 10.30. uppermost layer of the brain WHICH WORD? Select the correct answer. and write it on the line provided. 6 ‘1 i 0.31. A physician who specializes in administering nnesthetlc agents is an M6 MID/0 9+ anesthetist nnestheslologlst 10.32. A Con/16L. . . is n pioiound state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of COITIH Stupor spontaneous eye movements, no response to painful stimuli, and the luck of speech 9 1 NTAL HEALTH THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND ME 10.33. An MWO’ZHC . drug Is also known as a tranquilizer. antipsychotic anxiolyfic 10.34. A Mal/u C, L " I ' v4— 18 a sensory perception that has no basis in external StlmUIauon' delusion hallucination 10.35. An excessive fear of heights is _ ”ml?!” 0/3ch . acrophobia agoraphobia SPELLING COUNTS Find the misspelled word in each sentence. Then write that word, spelled correctly, on the line provided. 10.36. A migrane headache is characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head. MI W 10.37. Alzhiemer’s disease is a group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought. memory, r and language. flake/mars am 65% c 10.38. An anasthetic is the medication used to induce anesthesia. _/— 10.39. Epalepsy is a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severity. M’— 10.40. Siatica is a nerve inflammation that results in p foot. w, ain, burning, and tingling through the thigh, leg, and ABBREVIATION IDENTIFICATION at each abbreviation stands for. al 6 0 ml \d In the space provided, write the words th 10.41. CP 1 0.42. CSF 10.43. 001) 9 we - Co 015m disordd 10.44. PTSD 05* WGUWl‘C/ 81765 diéorda 10.45. TIA “("15qu $0M, i, attack CHAPTER 10 LEARNING EXERCISES _ e :1 TERM SELECTION 6‘ 0 h 't 't on the line provided. I Select t 6 correct answer, and M1 e 1 _ rdered thinking and memOFYr é». 10.46. The acute condition that is characterized by confusion, disorientathl'l; 11150 I” > m . " \ agitation, and hallucinations is known as ___d_3_/_L:// g stupor I” delirium dementia lethargy €’ 175‘ . This term also ’ 10.47. The term meaning inflammation of the spinal cord is W ts means inflammation of bone marrow. . . - adiClllitiS encephalitis myelrtis mye1051s I 10.48. The medical term meaning an abnormal fear of being in small or enclosed spaces is C/QUS‘fi’DQLLo bid acrophobia claustrophobia kleptomania pyromanla 1049- The condition known as (/7? mm at is characterized by severe, lightning-like pain H gr! 5‘- due to an inflammation of the fifth cranial nerve. Bell’s palsy Guillain—Barré syndrome Lou Gehrig's disease trigeminal neuralgia I. is d sfleia‘a. _ % . . ‘4; ‘ i autism dissociative disorder dyslexia intellectual disability I ‘A‘ SENTENCE COMPLETION Write the correct term or terms on the lines provided. 10.51. A clam] COWSS’IUW 18 the bruising of brain tissue as the result of a head injury 10.52. The mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday Situations f th 0T ear at is 10.53. A low— ' - - grade, chronic depressmn mth symptoms that are milder than those of severe d epression but are ” 'l a” a Q“ g 10.50. The medical term for the condition also known as a developmental reading disorder 6 present on ' ' ' ~ a majority of days for two or more years Is knowu as d S M 5L ‘ I if?“ . . ,, t - ‘ . i ' I ' " '\ '\“ a“(’P_S yd“: lit— lll'llH let tulministt'rt'tl in irt-nl symptoms nl svvew lllHUl‘dl n» M illnesses such nH srhimplu‘vnl thinking mnl nmml tlmt urn ussm'iutvtl with twnrnlnglt-ul mnl psyi'ltlnn'lt' m 9 THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND MENTAL HEALTH Inmtin. mui tlnlnsimmi disorders. ‘. 9 w0Ro SURGERY ii - ~ ~ . . . . “MI cmh tenn litlu its component word puns. Write these wunl putts, in sequence. on the lines pmvitlul- ”W“ lit‘tt‘ssin). use :t slush it) to lllllll‘llll‘ u t‘mnltlning vnwcl. (You "my not ltt't‘d nil of thr- lint-s ptovitlt d.) it? ‘ t . H ‘h. .\n anesthetic is the medication used to induce nncstlwsin. S S 3 saw pesnfcu? /c O P“ \ 10.0. . bomnanthullsm is commonly known as sleepwulking. “sgmn ambod 1532 10.58. Electroencephalography is the process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes attached to the scalp. .. ‘3 grown in W '3 10.59. Paresthesia refers to a burning or prickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet. 10 RON @3711 3? [0L I 10.60. Poliomyefltis is a contagious viral infection of the brainstem and spinal cord, which sometimes leads to paralysis. 3 "Evilb MM ‘tl’lS it. TRUE] FALSE “‘3’ If the statement is true, write True on the line If the statement is false. write False on the line. 3 10.6]. L. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks. 3 10.62. __7; An absence seizure is a brief disturbance in brain function in which there is a loss of awareness. 10.63. J— A sedative is administered to prevent the seizures associated with epilepsy. 10.64. __L A patient in a persistent vegetative state sleeps through the night and is awake and conscious .3 I during the day. 3 9 10.65. L. A psychotropic drug acts primarily on the central nervous system where it produces temporary f. changes affecting the mind, emotions, and behavior. - O 9 CHAPTER 10 LEAR NING EXERCISES CLINICAL CONDITIONS Write the correct answer on the line provided. 10.66. Harvey Ikernan has mood shifts from hi ctor describes this condition as a/ an d ere concerne function. Harvey's do d. The paramedics w auto accident, Anthony DeNicola hit his head on the windshiel QQ/m . that this jarring of the brain had caused a/an W a! [v D TIA , Georgia Houghton suffered a/ an SI / attack ( ) sed stroke risk. 10.67. In the and her doctors were concerned that this was a warning of an increa . , . ed 10.69. To control her patient's tremors caused by Parlanson 5 disease, DR Wang perform CZ [51,740an . This is a surgical incision into the thalamus. a/an . _ . t _ Beth Cawthorn was diagnosed as having MU/ / 56/6/09, - Thls progresstve au 0 10.70. Mary nflammation that causes demyelination of the myelin sheath. immune disease is characterized by i ted his doctor about this problem. 10.71. After several months of being unable to sleep well, Wayne Ladner visi ded this condition as being ”5 0"” I’L/ . His doctor recor nd written or spoken words. This condition is 10.72. After her stroke, Rosita Valladares was unable to understa known as MEL} 10.73. Jill Beck said she fainted. The medical term f0 blood flow to the brain is 3 n (’0 C . 10.74. The Baily baby was born with WVCL’M C6 ’10] US . This condition is an abnormally increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the venm’cles of the brain. r this brief loss of consciousness caused by the decreased . 10.75. The MRI indicated that Mrs. Hoshi had a collection of blood trapped in the tissues of her brain This _ condition, which was caused by a head injury, is called a cranial Mma— WHICH IS THE CORRECT MEDICAL TERM? Select the correct answer, and write it on the line provided. . . . own a. causal [a causalgia hyperesthesia hypoesthesia Paresthesia THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND MENTAL HEALTH as a/an OhL anESthCfiC barbiturate hypnotic sedative 10.78. A/An - 0 10h disorder is characterized by serious temporary or ongoing Chan es i ' - . g n function, such as paralyms or blindness, that are triggered by psychological factors rather than by any physical cause. anxie . . . tY conversron factluous panic 10.79. D - ‘ - g4} uring Chlldbll‘th, ”1 ”Ya! anesthesia is administered to numb the nerves from the uterus and birth passage without stopping labor. epidural local regional topical 10.80. The condition known as m ONO Ml C lalwral is a rapidly progressive neurological disease Selem'is that attacks the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cerebral palsy epilepsy multiple sclerosis CHALLENGE WORD BUILDING These terms are not primary terms in the chapter; however, they are made up of the following familiar word parts. If you need help in creating the term, refer to your medical dictionary. poly— encephal/o -algia mening/o -itis myel/o -malacia neur/o -oma —pathy 10.81. Based on word parts, the term meaning inflammation of the nerves and spinal cord EM. 6 m also 10.82. Abnormal softening of the meninges is known as W1 h 0m ml . 10.83. A benign neoplasm made up of nerve tissue is a/ an AWL—— 10.84. Based on word parts, the term meaning any degenerative disease of the brain is { l’lfll - EXERCISES 10,115. Pain afl‘ccting many nerves is known as W ' l 10.86. Abnornml softening of nerve tissue is known as W ' a moms/Wm a *1 W 0 ’ ' e CHAPTER 10 LEARNING 1 of the meninges and the brain is 10.87. Inflammatiol e term meaning any pathological condi I088. Based on word pans, th ‘1 10.89. Abnormal softening of the brain is known as (6 Ma! Villa/0061,. A 1445/61th , 9‘ ' spinal cord is known as e I )7 ' 1 A l g i l 1‘ [0.90. Inflammation ofthe meninges, brain. and LABELING EXERCISES Identify the numbered items on the accompanying figures. 10.91. rfbl’a/ cortex 10.92. #OM/a/ lobe 10.93. 7L€VM WOJ lobe 10.92 5‘ 10.94. I! (#:1/ lobe 10.95. 0w! 1/‘00/ lobe 10.93 10.95. mm 10.97. WWHS 10.98. M 10.99. 5 ma! CO d 1‘ 10.100. 6V CHUWL ...
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