AmerHistory_StudyGuide.docx - Chapter 22 The main purpose...

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Chapter 22: The main purpose of the Black codes were to ensure a stable and subservient labor supply: 1. blacks were forced to work under labor contracts for little money for 1 year 2. Blacks who fled their employers could be dragged back to work by a paid "Negro catcher" 3. Blacks who fled could be made to forfeit black wages or hired out to pay their fines 4. They were designed to reproduce the master-slave relationship after slave abandoned To many Northerners , the Black Codes seemed to indicate that the arrogant South was acting as if the North had not really won the Civil War Congressional Republicans believed that the Southern States had completely left the Union and were therefore, _______, that had to seek readmission on whatever terms Congress demanded "conquered provinces" As part of their Reconstruction plan, radical Republicans originally expected to secure civil rights for freed slaves, punish the planter aristocracy, restructure Southern society, have President Johnson on their side and use federal power to aid blacks Congress objected to the readmission of Southern states to the Union under Johnson's plan because: 1. The states had adopted Black Codes that limited the civil rights of freed slaves. 2. The states had been readmitted without consultation with Congress 3. Many former Confederates were elected to high political office in those states 4. It feared that the restored South would be stronger than ever in national politics Congressional Reconstruction hoped to provide basic rights and protection for the former's slaves in the South through: 1. Military Reconstruction Act 2. Freedmen's Bureau Act
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3. 14th and 15th Amendments 4. Force Acts Radical republicans leaders included: Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner and Hiram Revels When did Radical Congressional Reconstruction of the South finally ended? when the last federal troops were removed in 1877 The importance of amnesty was to write new state constitutions and help freedmen Andrew Johnson had been put on Lincoln's ticket as vice president in his second term to appeal War Democrats and pro- Union Southerners As a politician, he developed a reputation as a champion of the poor whites The incident that caused the clash between Congress and President Johnson to explode into the open was Johnson's veto of the bill to extend the Freedmen's Bureau Johnson's veto of the Civil Rights Bill of 1866 prompted Congress to seek _______. passage of the 14th amendment What did the 14th amendment guarantee? the citizenship and civil rights to freed slaves and prohibit ex- Confederate leaders from holding public office The first and only ex-confederate state to ratify the 14th amendment in 1866 and thus immediately readmitted to the Union under congressional Reconstruction was?
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