Med term ch 3.pdf - MATCHING WORD PARTS 1 Write the correct...

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Unformatted text preview: MATCHING WORD PARTS 1 Write the correct answer in the middle column. Correct Answer Definition k’ Ida”: ankyl/O hump cartilage W arm/o crooked, bent, stiff joint ’MQZQ” kWh/0 bursa bids/0 MATCHING WORD PARTS 2 Write the correct answer in the middle column. Correct Answer Possible Answers _t,,-.__fl_gfgflv/Llo._ _.. _ .m. ,7 w a‘szfi f E? , £05. 9 Definition cranium, skull rib .__,_.-_._ .1 f . . setting free, loosening .___.,, ._ I 9/515 3.9. spinal cord, bone marrow music. w Mtge/fl . ,_ _ , _.._w,. L V _t 7455115“. 3.10. to bind, tie together __ ___._ i“ __, "we? ,0 ——.._..._._ M.” :4 MATCHING WORD PARTS 3 Write the correct answer in the middle column. Definition Correct Answer Possible Answfls 3.11. vertebrae . / oste o 3.12. curved ‘ SPOIldyl/o THE SKELETAL SYSTEM 3.13. swayback bent _______\g[d12.,_’ lord/o 3.14. synovial membrane _ 3}li It) ____ synovi/o, synoV/O 3.15. bone 051-6 0 scoli/o DEFINITIONS 7 7 _ Select the correct answer, and write it on the line provided. 3.16. The shaft of a long bone is known as the M513— diaPhYSiS distal epiphysis endosteum proximal epiphysis 3.17. Seven short __ __SQ$__—*a( ‘ bones make up each ankle. r . carpal metatarsal phalanx tarsal \ . 3 ., (ff—l L“ 3.18. The upper portion of the sternum IS the __ w Lanfiwf.“m . 5/1,“. . . ‘ 3 3 . clavicle mandible manubrium x1ph01d process W 3.19. A M is movable. /’ ‘\. i 7Q - cartilaginous joint fibrous joint suture joint synovial joint R: ‘ 3.20. The F‘Q‘L——I bone is located just below the urinary bladder. § ‘ ilium ischium pubis sacrum 2/— E? 3.21. The opening in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass is 91M 130 a 99‘.qu :1, My“??? foramen 412.23an process symphysis ti: “ . lelfflaflfi 322' A/An WY... out: hone in another bone. " . 3311?: articular cartilage ifl'w‘IZB-fizf synovial membrane phalange ‘ if) 3.23. The hip socket is kiown 23 131.2 -flQQEA'CLMX—Lflh gar/r ’ ” . ~‘ acetabulum maliuoius patella trochanter -' ' / 3.24. The bones of the fingers and toes are known as the ML_ as..- L% " "' I T carpals metatarsals tarsals phalanges % 5:25) __:_,.r/C>< 3.25. A normal projection on the surface of a bone that serves as an attachment for muscles and tendons is : a: . / known as a an M- __.._// \ / fi/é cruciate exostosis popliteal process CHAPTER 3 LEARNING EXERCISES MATCHING STRUCTURES WW ,, ,_ .. . Write the correct answer in the middle column. Definition Correct Answer 3.26. breast bone w/r olecranol'l process 3.27. cheekbones sternum 3.28. collar bone 0‘0“” patella 3.29. kneecap —4_mj—Q/ , 011121th 3.30. point of the elbow w,” zyg WHICH WORD? Select the correct answer, and write it on the line provided. I‘ 3.31. The surgical procedure for loosening of an ankylosed joint is known as ax mmk ‘ ‘ arthrodesis arthrolysis bone formation is known as alts dfifilfib osteomalacia Paget’s disease /. 3.32. A chronic bone disease that is characterized by the abnormal breakdown of bone followed by abnormal K 3.33. An M bone marrow transplant uses. bone marrow from .: donor. 4 allogenic autologons E ' 3.34. A percutaneous *fllflh—prlm is p<:!3‘il.sl‘:n9(i it, :: vat svamopcrosisrelated compression (E fractures. @: diskectomy vertebroplasty @3 -\ 3.35. The medical term for the form of arthritis that is commonw kill“ 4, ' ' ‘wi'wr and tear arth ‘t' J . .. to.” ~ n is {6 is m osteoarthritis rheumatoid arthritis ‘ “ ‘ THE SKELETAL SYSTEM SPELLING COUNTS Find the m-ISSPEUBd word in each sentence. Then write that word, Spelled correctly, on the line provided. 3-36- The medical term for the condition commonly known as low back pain ls lumbaego. Lamb“ 337- The surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity 15 known as osteclasis. __0_L__§ (Jags 3.38. , ; _ . between the vertebrae an k IOSIY} 0k, ““9 m 3.39. An osterrhaphy‘ is the surgical suturing, or wiring together, of bones. 05 "’4 W . 3-40- Crepetau’on is the grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move ' .’ together. ’ e 'ICI'II VL m ABBREVIATION IDENTIFICATION fl \ Write the correct answer on the line provided. W K E? e - A . 3.41. BMT 0746 WW ffaflSfl/au a W 3.42. CR (JOSCLI (EdUCfiUn / W 3.43. Fx imam?- ,_ _, 344, RA rheumatoid git/myths 917% 3.45. TM] ~jflflflmmbfdaw 7/:45“ -" ’ TV ‘‘‘‘‘ , TERM SELECTiem (I LA TV Select the correct anew-:31, :1»; var?“ :r on L‘rt’ ‘- ,‘i'érfititi‘cd. c-4417» . V :elV“ 3.46. The ten: mi: 1h; the d: :rth 0i bow figs-,1; :::-~.-. to took of blood flow is aVOSCulal WIS fl. ‘f-fi ostei-ris des'ormaris exte: mg elitie. evascular necrosis osteoporosis fl“, .7 4;, 3.47. An abnormal increase in the forward miniskirt: of the lumbar spine is known as IOVdOsIS A kyphosis lordosis scoliosis spondylosis A 3.48. The condition known as M is a congenital defect. juvenile arthritis adhesive capsulitis rheumat01d arthritis spina bifida ' IE / - 3-..‘:_ CHAPTER 3 LEARNING EXERCISES 3.49. A a/an W. osteoclriol'ldmIna ' ' ’ m eloma primary bone cancer Ewmg s sarcoma y ' h ailing 0f 3-50- The bulging deposit that forms around the area of the break during the e a owl/U5 callus crepitation anon crepitus lux SENTENCE COMPLETION Write the correct term or terms on the lines provided. 3.51. A/An M is performed to gain access to the b pressure. 3.52. The partial displacement of a bone from its jomt 15 known - M. This is also 353. The procedure that stiffens a joint by joining two bones ls . . . 1 rain or to rel1eve mtracranla known as surgical ankylosis. 3 54 The surgical placement of an artificial joint is known as W [as 3.55. A medical term for the condition commonly known as a bunion is h a] X a ~ WORD SURGERY Divide each term into its component word parts. Write these word parts, in sequence, on the lines provided. m _ . \ When necessary, use a slash U) to indicate a combining vowel. (You may not need all of the lines provided.) , 1 . , L . 3.55. Hemarthrosis is blood within a joint. . .. a... , i" I . ... \l‘ . j 357. An osteochondroma is a benign bony projection covend 2.; ;' cartilagb (I... ,,-_. {Q' I vireo gm __QZ’?ZQ;_ ___,__ 3.58. Osteomalacia, also known as mini: rickets, is abnormal softening of bows, in adults _Asteo_ _W “W E W: 3.59. Periostitis 15 an inflammation of the periosteum (l . . \\F 3.60. S d ' ' ' ' ‘ \L ‘\ pon ylollstheSlS IS the forward sl1pp1ng movement of the body of one of the lower lu b b m ar verte rae on I" k the vertebra or sacrum below it. M” l‘ 9”” (5/5 k THE SKELETAL SYSTEM TRUE/ FALSE , ‘ w“ WW “W. W ,, If the statement is true, Write True on the line. If the statement is false. write False on the line. used to describe the condition 351- ’I/ OsteOpenia is thinner—than—average bone density. This term is but is at risk for developing it. of someone who does not yet have osteoporosis, 352- L Paget's disease is caused by a deficiency of calcium and vitamin D in early ChildhOOd- 3.63. .1— Costochondriu‘s is an inflammation of the Cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum. I i M , . K W 3.64. r Dislocation is the partial displacement of a bone from its joint. ' 3.65. Arthroscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of the interior of a 101m. V5339: K W CLINICAL CONDITIONS /-"" W Write the correct answer on the line provided. W 3.66. When Bobby Kuhn fell out of a tree, the bone in his arm was bent and partially broken. Dr. Grafton iii/4:31 described this as a/ an WCL— fracture and told the family that this type of fracture occurs primarily in children. \ K,” "a“. . a ' 3.67. Eduardo Sanchez was treated for an inflammation of the bone and bone marrow. The medical term for ._——-——-"' " this condition is ”flmwgi. e /'> I’La 3.68. Beth Hubert“; breast cancer spread to her bones. These new sites are referred to #111. as 3.12%!” W hfiibsz/c _._.an£££__,__. ‘ ., 3.69. Mrs. Morten Fr: 32;.) do. ‘ .2 2g). 'f"i.2.2 ::.>’;’.Ziia‘.?tl term for this abnormal curvature of the spine M’Vfi . i. is ____.....Js§Lptt s..- l t‘ 3.70. Henry 'i‘urner wears a brace to compensate it: the unpaired iunction of his leg. The medical term for this fim orthopedic appliance is a/an .___.0ItbQ:DL___ ~50" 3.71. As the result of a head injury in an auto accident, Sam Cheng required a/ an 0m \0 m to relieve the rapidly increasing intracranial pressure. 3.72. Mrs. Gilmer has leukemia and requires a bone marrow transplant. Part of the treatment was the harvest— 1 [5%) ___,, ~V j ‘ t ‘ ing of her bone marrow so she could receive it later as a/ an W bone marrow transplant. CHAPTER 3 LEARNING EXERCISES however, now her knees hu 3.73. Betty Greene has been running for several years; .la ening of the cartl her condition as W, which is an abnormal soft jams. and swellil’l g in . OVVT-hv fatigue, 3.74. Patty Turner (age 7) has symptoms that include a skin rash, fever, slowed gr " arthritis- the joints. She was diagnosed as having juvenile M ation of the bursa and . - 'nflamm 3.75. Heather Lewis has a very sore shoulder. Dr. Plunkett dlagnosed this as an 1 said that Heather's condition is __bUlim$——— WHICH IS THE CORRECT MEDICAL TERM? Select the correct answer, and write it on the line provided. ' ' ' ' e ends of the 3.76. Rodney Homer is being treated for a ml nu fracture 1n Wthh th bones were crushed together. Colles’ comminuted compound spiral 0 l0 ‘1 to 3.77. Alex Jordon fell and injured her knee. Her doctor performed a/ an surgically repair the damaged cartilage. anhroplasty osteochondroma chondroplasty cranioplasty 3.78. Mrs. Palmer is at high risk for osteoporosis. To obtain a definitive evaluation of the status of her bone density, Mrs. Palmer's physician ordered a/an Mzm¥.mmcst ] dual X—ray absorptiometry MRI xrav .,3’.:'===:: yrsa: swat: density 3.79. In an effort to return a fractured bone to normal alignment. . a: {5- -'-. . I Ifl‘ Q l __ .. This procedure exerts a pnliigig force on. the distal end of the affected limb. external fixation immobilization interml fixation traction 3.80. B b 't V . . a y Iuam a was treated for AQW" which Is a Congenital deformity of the feet imva the talus (ankle bones). Her family calls this condition clubfoot osteomalacia ricket S . . scohosrs tal' 1pes THE SKELETAL SYSTEM‘ CHALLENGE WORD BUILDING . “fly—«w These terms are ”0t primary terms in the chapter; however, they are made up of the followingfamiliar word parts. If you need help in creating the term, refer to your medical dictionary. poly— arthr/o -ectomy chondr/o -itis cost/o —malacia crani/o -otomy oste/o ~pathy -sclerosis M 3.81. Abnormal hardening of bone is known as 05‘ €050l€m€lé . H 3.82. The surgical removal of a rib or ribs is a/ an M f, ‘2’ ‘ 3.83. Any disease of cartilage is known as M- ” , 1:,» ‘55,» ' 3.84. A surgical incision into a joint is a/an M [1 ’ 3.85. Inflammation of cartilage is known as Ghondnfi . fi/‘A 3.86. The surgical removal of a joint is a/an “m. / iifig ‘ > _ 3.87. Inflammation £93,112:er than one mini is known as M m ‘ ' ’ H ’ a krzmvn as _ Osmm'b ‘ “l 3.88. Any than Ala-ziimzja mi" gone; as... 51:. z. ‘ N 3.89. A surgical ‘snsjieiun :12; F311;}: riot" 13‘} Wit o: :1an is; 21!:sz “Jim. cru'mmalacmt WNW 3,90, Abnormal goilenijiig of the.» 91111;" H? Egalcvn'n 2H ..._ ..-.._W,~_..__-.____.__._ CHAPTER 3 LEARNING EXERCISES LABELING EXERCISES Identify the numbered items on the accompanying figures. m r b e m v 3.91. 3.92. 3.93. 3.95. 3.96. bone bone bane, 3.100. ...
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