2015-03-31_Critical-Medical-Anthropology.pptx

2015-03-31_Critical-Medical-Anthropology.pptx - Critical...

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Critical Medical Anthropology History Key Concepts Case Study: Structural Vulnerability on a Berry Farm 1
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Today’s objectives History, scope, and aims of Critical Medical Anthropology (CMA) Key concepts Health Disease Structural violence Medicalization Syndemics Case study: Migrant health on a berry farm 2
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CMA emerges Beyond narrowly focused studies on the micro-level, explaining health-related beliefs and behaviors New focus on wider structural determinants on human health 1979 Soheir Morsy “The Missing Link in Medical Anthropology: The Political Economy of Health” 1983 special journal issues on “Critical Medical Anthropology” 2 branches: Critical Interpretive Medical Anthropology Critical Medical Anthropology 3
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Critical Interpretive Medical Anthropology Analyze how power is manifest in medical practice Deconstruction and demystification Point out through systematic analysis how culture is reflected in the assumptions and practices of biomedicine 4
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“The Mindful Body” Margaret Lock and Nancy Scheper-Hughes Critique of Cartesian dualism of mind-body that pervades Western biomedical thinking Propose the “mindful body” Sufferer experience Embodiment of life’s accumulated hardships Process of internalization of the devaluation leading to enduring social inequalities 5
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Bodies are more than biological Bodies carry out social meaning Just as bodies can incorporate social meaning, they can also show signs of suffering and social marginalization 6
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Three Bodies Individual body The embodied self Personal experience of suffering Social body The embodiment of social relationships Symbols of the connection between nature, society, and culture Body politic The body as an artifact of social and political control The ways in which power and power relations are embodied 7
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Critical Medical Anthropology Draws on neo-Marxian and World Systems Theory Interpenetration of capitalism and biomedicine Biomedicine’s hegemony by which capitalist assumptions, concepts, and values come to permeate medical diagnosis and treatment (Baer, Singer, and Susser 2003) 8
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