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Running Head: MORAL DEVELOPMENT MODELS 1 Moral Development Models Name Institutional Affiliation Date
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MORAL DEVELOPMENT MODELS 2 Rationale Building Model This is a model that was formulated by James Shaver. This model argues that moral coherence is developed through the education system ( CHAPTER - II Theories and Models of Moral Development , 2017). The value system in this model is societal rather than individual. However, each individual is supposed to internalize it so that it becomes the default value response system whenever faced with difficulties. This can only happen when those who are developed are convinced that the societal moral precepts are beneficial and essential for the individual. For this reason, the society has the responsibility to formulate an education system that will instill all the common values to the developing person ( CHAPTER - II Theories and Models of Moral Development , 2017). Shavers proposes that the process of inculcating moral coherence via this method should happen through five stages. These include, the identification of value, clarification of those values, the label generalization stage, the analysis of value conflict and eventually arrive at a qualified decision-making process. In the identification of value, the learner is helped by the teachers and adults to understand those moral obligations of a particular democratic membership. Sometimes the learners will engage independently in the identification of the moral principles. Either way, the student engages in the process of value clarification. In this level, the student compares the learned moral precepts to
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