polisciexam2review.docx - Checks and Balances Pres checks...

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Checks and Balances Pres checks Leg; Leg checks Pres; Court checks Leg; etc Which body is most representative? -Legislature, eps. What about demographics? -House / Members tend to be older, white, wealthy, well educated men Legislative elections -House members are elected every 2 years in even-numbered years. -1/3 of the Senate is up for re-election every 2 years, but all Senators serve a 6 year Reapportionment and redistricting (define, how often) -Reapportionment is the redistribution of House seats based on population shifts. -It occurs every 10 years consistent with the census. ---Redistricting is the re-drawing of Congressional district line by the individual state (ex. Texas) legislatures. -Redistricting must occur at least once every 10 years but may occur more often and frequently does when legislatures perceive a potential political gain. Powers of Legislature -Article I of the US Constitution grants expressed powers in the "enumerated powers". Examples include the power to coin money, to declare war, to regulate commerce, to administer the post office, and to punish acts on the high seas. -Implied powers are derived from the "necessary proper clause" of Article I that allowed congress to pass additional laws to carry out the enumerated powers Who holds the power in House and Senate? -The Speaker of the House is the most powerful in the House of Reps.
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