GEOG 201 Pp 16- California.pptx

GEOG 201 Pp 16- California.pptx - California GEOG 201...

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California GEOG 201
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California as a region Isolation relative to other regions Physical barriers separate California from most nearby regions High rate of suburbanization Suburbs stretch across the landscape in all major urban areas Cultural innovation Common, with Hollywood, Silicon Valley (i.e. Apple, Facebook, Google, HP, Intel, etc.) Connections to the Pacific Rim With much of the world’s economy shifting to the Pacific Basin & the rapid development of many countries of East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, Central America, western South America, etc., California (and all of the west coast of the U.S. & Canada) are well situated to be big players for interaction (i.e. trade) in the area
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Cultural & Natural Landscapes RIGHT: Venice Beach in Southern California LOWER RIGHT: Central Valley BELOW: Mojave Desert
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Diverse Cultural & Natural Landscapes RIGHT: High Sierra Nevada LOWER RIGHT: Redwood National Park BELOW: Pacific Coastline
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Landforms Three Main Large Landform Areas Mountains parallel to the coast Especially the Coast Ranges north & south of San Francisco Bay Also Transverse Mountains & Peninsular Ranges to the south Interior valleys Especially the Central Valley, which stretches about 400-miles north-south & up to 95-miles wide Also Coachella-Imperial Valley in the south High mountain ranges in the east Especially the Sierra Nevada Range Also the Cascade Range to the north of the Sierras
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landform regions NOTE: the extraordinary variety of landform regions & landforms in California; California has both the highest point above sea level ( Mt. Whitney @ 14,505 feet ) & the lowest point below sea level ( Death Valley @ -282 feet ) in the
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Tectonic Activity Along the western side of California there are a number of faults Strike-slip faults , such as the San Andreas Fault are especially important in central & southern California The Pacific Plate is moving northwest relative to the North American Plate Other Lateral (strike-slip) faults near the coast & further inland Generally parallel to the San Andreas Fault, but some are at angles to the main trend Example is the Northridge Quake of 1994, when an unknown fault not apparent at the surface suddenly had movement, causing extensive damage to various structures Subduction zone (with reverse fault) in northern-most California Juan de Fuca plate is subducting under the North American plate in northern California (just as it is doing in Oregon & Washington & S. B.C.) The Juan de Fuca plate is moving east & the North American Plate if moving generally westward The subduction is causing partial melting of the Mantle, thus leading to the development of volcanoes like Mt. Lassen & Mt. Shasta
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Climate Mediterranean climate (1) Cool, somewhat rainy winters (2) Warm to hot summers with little to no precipitation Lots of spatial variation in climate Latitude, altitude, & distance from ocean California Climate and Precipitation
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  • Spring '14
  • JustinL.Scheidt
  • Geography

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