Exam 2.docx - Chapter 5 ACE inhibitor blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract resulting in hypertension Angiostenosis

Exam 2.docx - Chapter 5 ACE inhibitor blocks the action of...

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Chapter 5 ACE inhibitor: blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels to contract, resulting in hypertension Angiostenosis: abnormal narrowing of a blood vesselAplastic: type of anemia characterized by an absence of all formed blood elements Atheroma: a deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall Anticoagulant: medication that prevents blood clotting Antihypertensive: medication to lower BP Atherectomy: surgical removal of plaque from the interior lining of an artery Beta-blocker: reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heartbeatBlood dyscrasia: any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood Capillaries: connecting units between the arterial and venous circulatory systems Cardiac arrest: an event in which the heart abruptly stops beating or develops an arrhythmia that prevents it from pumping blood effectively Carotid endarterectomy: the surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain Catheterization: passing a tube through a blood vessel into the heart Coronary artery: supplies blood to the heart Coumadin: anticoagulant administered to prevent blood clots from forming Defibrillation: electrical shock to restore the heart rhythm Dyscrasia: any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood Embolo: combining form meaning something thrown in Embolus: foreign object such as a bit of a tissue or air circulating in the blood Emia: suffix meaning blood condition
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Endarterial: pertaining to the lining of an artery Endocarditis: a bacterial infection of the lining or valves of the heart Eosinophils: formed in red bone marrow and then migrate to tissues throughout the body; destroy parasitic organisms and play major role in allergic reaction Hemangioma: benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels Hemochromatosis: iron-overload disease Infarct: tissue death caused by disruption of blood supply Ischemia: insufficient oxygen supply due to restricted blood flow Megaloblastic: the blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the RBCs are larger than normal Mitral: valve located between the left ventricle and left atria; also known as bicuspid Myelodysplastic syndrome: type of cancer where there is insufficient production of one or moretypes of blood cells due to dysfunction in the bone marrow Myocardium: gets its blood supply from the coronary arteries Neutrophils: most common type of WBC Nitroglycerin: prescribed to prevent or relieve pain of angina Orthostatic hypotension: low BP that occurs upon standing up Phlebo: combining form meaning vein Plasmapheresis: procedure to remove plasma from donated blood Pulmonary: circulation between the heart and lungs Raynaud’s disease: condition characterized by attacks of pallor, cyanosis, and redness of the fingers and toes Sepsis: the systemic condition often associated with severe infections caused by the presence ofbacteria in the bloodstream
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Serum: plasma with the clotting proteins removed
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