Cognition [PSY 301] - COGNITION 1. study of mental...

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Unformatted text preview: COGNITION 1. study of mental processes 2. differences from conditioning: a. involves unobservable, internal states; emphasis on mental structures b. emphasis is on knowing, not just on responding c. envisions the person as active, constructive and planful, rather than as a relatively passive recipient of environmental stimulation 1 MEMORY : The way in which we record the past and later refer to it, so that it can affect the present 1. two general approaches to studying memory: a. psychological: abstract description of the working of memory (metaphors) b. neurophysiological: discovering the neural underpinnings of memory 2 2. Stages in an act of remembering: a. encoding b. storage c. retrieval 3 3. Stage Model of Memory a. stage : a memory, plus a set of processes that act on the information in that memory i. memory: stores information ii. process: acts on information b. different stages of memory differ in terms of: i. capacity : how much the memory can hold ii. representation : the form the is information held in iii. forgetting : how is information lost from memory 4 c. stages of memory: i. sensory memory a. iconic or echoic ii. short-term memory ( STM ) iii. long-term memory ( LTM ) a. semantic b. episodic 5 4.4....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Cognition [PSY 301] - COGNITION 1. study of mental...

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