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Cognition [PSY 301] - COGNITION 1 study of mental processes...

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COGNITION 1. study of mental processes 2. differences from conditioning: a.  involves unobservable, internal states;  emphasis on mental structures b.  emphasis is on knowing, not just on responding c.  envisions the person as active, constructive and planful, rather than as a  relatively passive recipient of environmental stimulation 1
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MEMORY : The way in which we record the past and later refer to it, so that it can affect  the present 1. two general approaches to studying memory:  a.  psychological:  abstract description of the working of memory (metaphors) b.  neurophysiological: discovering the neural underpinnings of memory 2
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2. Stages in an act of remembering: a.   encoding b.   storage c.   retrieval 3
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3. Stage Model of Memory a.  stage :  a memory, plus a set of processes that act on the information in that  memory i.  memory:  stores information ii.  process:  acts on information b.  different stages of memory differ in terms of: i.   capacity :  how much the memory can hold ii.   representation :  the form the is information held in iii.  forgetting :  how is information lost from memory 4
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c.  stages of memory: i.   sensory memory a. iconic or echoic ii.   short-term memory  ( STM ) iii.   long-term memory  ( LTM ) a. semantic b. episodic 5
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4.  
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