Intelligence [PSY 301] - Intelligence 1. studied as a...

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Intelligence 1. studied as a concept and as an individual difference among people a.  individual difference :   a dimension along which people differ from each other 2. for intelligence, goal is placement, usually by testing i. very controversial a.  are such tests fair? b.  are they valid? c.  are they democratic? ii. heredity vs. environment 1
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3. varieties of psychological tests: a.   achievement : show what a person can do right now  (ex. Exams) b.   aptitude : predict what a person will be able to do later  (ex. Career Exploration giving  you advice of what your career will be) c.   general ability :  measure a person’s innate cognitive capability  (ex. Intelligence,  ability, etc.) d.   personality : assess a person’s characteristic behavioral patterns  (ex. Diagnostic  tests) 2
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4. psychological tests have lower predictive accuracy and are more difficult to interpret than  medical tests  All psychological tests are scored  relative  to other people 5. psychological tests assess a person relative to a population   a. values cluster around an average value b. scores diverge from average c.  the further a score is from average the less frequently it occurs 3
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6. Do these tests assess accurately? a.  reliability consistency of measurement b.  validity :  the extent to which the test measures what it is suppose to   i.   predictive validity : a test score and some performance criterion…. . does the  test score predict what it is supposed to predict? ii.   construct validity :  does the test measure the underlying psychological  property that it is suppose to be measuring… this is the one that is most talked  about! converging operations: measure the some underlying thing in different 
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Intelligence [PSY 301] - Intelligence 1. studied as a...

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