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OB DEFINITIONS.docx - ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR...

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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIORorganizational behavior can be defıned as the understanding, prediction, and managementof human behavior in organizations.COGNITIVE FRAMEWORKcognitive approach gives people much more “credit” than the otherapproaches. Thecognitive approach emphasizes the positive and freewill aspects ofhuman behavior anduses concepts such as expectancy, demand, and intention. It can be simply defined as theact of knowing an item of information.BEHAVIORSTIC FRAMEWORKThey used classical conditioning experiments to formulate the stimulus response (S-R)explanation of human behavior. behavioristic approach is environmentally based. It positsthat cognitive processes such as thinking, expectancies, and perception may exist but arenot needed to predict and control or manage behavior.SOCIAL COGNITIVE FRAMEWORKThe social cognitive approach tries to integrate the contributions of both approaches andserves as the foundation for an evidence-based approach to organizational behavior. SCTexplains organizational behavior in terms of the bidirectional, reciprocal causation amongthe organizational participants (e.g., unique personality characteristics such asconscientiousness), the organizational environment (e.g., the perceived consequences suchas contingent recognition from the supervisor or pay for increased productivity), and theorganizational behavior itself.GLOBALIZATION“a set of individual attributes that enable an individual to influence individuals, groups,and organizations from diverse social/cultural/ institutional systems.”. We just don’t haveenough people with needed global leadership capabilities. Managing the Global Workforceindicates that the new globalization context has changed the way global, transnationalleaders strategize, organize, and manage.DIVERSITY“Diversity means much more than ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation. New andevolving diverse populations include a full range of ages, as well as career and geographicexperiences.” Organizational diversity initiativesshould not simply focus on getting people of color and women in the door, but embracingan inclusive culture to maintain these employees.”ETHICS
Cultural influences on ethical behavior come from family, friends, neighbors, education,religion, and the media. Organizational influences come from ethical codes, role models,policies and practices, and reward and punishment systems. The external forces having animpact on ethical behavior include political, legal, economic, and internationaldevelopments.PERSONALITYpersonalitywill mean how people affect others and how they understand and viewthemselves, as well as their pattern of inner and outer measurable traits and the person-situation interaction.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Harkant
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