Ring of Gyges.docx - Ethics Reading Assignment"The Ring of...

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Ethics Reading Assignment"The Ring of Gyges"PlatoThis short excerpt comes from the dialogue "The Republic" by Plato. In it, Socrates is discussing "justice" with his friends. They are asking whether people really benefit by being good, or whether being good is just somethingwe do even though it isn't really good for us. Glaucon is speaking to Socrates here, and Glaucon is arguing that we don't really want to be good, we just do it because we can't get away with what we really want to do.. . .They say that to do injustice is, by nature, good; to suffer injustice, evil; but that the evil is greater than the good. And so when men have both done and suffered injustice and have had experience of both, not being able to avoid the one and obtain the other, they think that they had better agree among themselves to have neither; hence there arise laws and mutual covenants; and that which is ordained by law is termed by them lawful and just. This they affirm to be the origin and nature of justice;--it is a mean or compromise, between the best of all, which is to do injustice and not be punished, and the worst of all, which is to suffer injustice without the power of

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