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Unformatted text preview: POSC 220g Midterm Quiz Terms Biocentric • All forms of life are equally valuable and humanity is not the center of existence • Contrasted to anthropocentrism, which is the belief that human beings and human society are, or should be, the central focus of existence Anthropocentric • humans must be considered at the center of, and above any other aspect of reality • the reason why humanity dominates and sees the need to "develop" most of the Earth • identified as a root cause of the ecological crisis, human overpopulation, and extinctions of many non-human species. • Defenders point out that maintenance of a healthy, sustainable environment is necessary for human well-being as opposed for its own sake Scientific (utilitarian) conservation • The natural world has intrinsic and intangible worth along with utilitarian value • seek a proper valuation of local and global impacts of human activity upon nature in their effect upon human well being, now and to our posterity • How such values are assessed and exchanged among people determines the social, political, and personal restraints and imperatives by which conservation is practiced. This is a view common in the modern environmental movement. Moral Extensionism • Extending moral value (idea of wealth and responsibility) to others. • Humans have certain inalienable rights: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. • Philosophy that states that no one can ethically treat another human as a mere object for their own pleasure, gratification, or profit • For many people, it extends to granting some degree of moral value to animals and even plants. By extending values to animals we are treating them and viewing them differently. This will result in raising awareness for animals and their ultimate protecting. This idea is the reason why people would choose to protect animals from destruction because they are more than just objects for our use. Environmental Justice 1 • Environmental justice (EJ) is the confluence of social and environmental movements, which deals with the inequitable environmental burden born by groups such as racial minorities, women, or residents of developing nations. • A philosophy which combines civil rights with environmental protection to demand a safe, healthy, life-giving environment for all people • Text asserts that economically disadvantaged tend to live in areas with disproportionally high levels of environmental health risks, calls for this system to be eradicated Administrative Procedure Act • The federal Administrative Procedure Act (APA) of 1946 governs the way in which administrative agencies of the United States federal government may propose and establish regulations....
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course POSC 220g taught by Professor 03:30-04:50pm during the Fall '07 term at USC.
- Fall '07
- American Politics