Exam 2 Review Questions

Exam 2 Review Questions - ANTH 200 Exam 2 Questions Alex...

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ANTH 200 Exam 2 Questions PRIMATE ECOLOGY  • What information can we gain by knowing the type of food a particular species eats and  why? • How does diet affect ranging patterns and activity budgets?  Certain diets require a primate to cover a more expansive area in order to fulfill their  dietary needs Animals that consume lots of protein and carbohydrates have more energy to  “spend” and activity budget will indicate this • Why do primates differ in diet?  Availability of resources in a given area Morphological adaptations • How may several sympatric primates adapt their diet and behavior to deal with  increased competition? Can you think of any real examples using primate species?  Ex: Lemurs inhabit Madagascar and fill a variety of ecological purpose in their  varying feeding habits and choices • What are some of the strategies that different primate groups employ to cope with  resource seasonality? • As various primate species continue to be threatened by extinction, how might the  extinction of even one primate species impact its immediate environment and other  surrounding species? (Hint: seed dispersal, predator/prey relationships, etc.)    • Why are male and female reproductive strategies different?  Necessary to employ different measures to achieve end goal of reproductive success
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Females invest significantly more time and effort into raising their offspring. • In what types of social groups would you expect to see the most extreme sexual  dimorphism? The least? Why? In what groups is sperm competition the greatest? The  least? Why?  Most sexually dimorphic in single male polygynous groups o Need to assert dominance over females and fight off other males Least sexual dimorphism occurs in monogamous and polyandrous groups o No or little need to assert dominance over females Multimale polygynous groups have highest sperm competition o Strongest sperm will produce most offspring Single male polygynous groups have the lest sperm competition
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course ANTH 200Lg taught by Professor Yamashita during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Exam 2 Review Questions - ANTH 200 Exam 2 Questions Alex...

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