ANTH 200Lg 1-14-09

ANTH 200Lg 1-14-09 - ANTH 200Lg 1/14/09 Scientific Method...

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ANTH 200Lg 1/14/09 Scientific Method Observation Hypothesis (predictions) Hypothesis testing (via experiments) o Typically tightly controlled to specifically answer the question Accept (provisionally) or Reject Early Scientists Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778) o Taxonomy Classification (naming) of species Binomial nomenclature Genus species E.g.,  Homo sapiens, E. coli Tells relations between species Comte de Buffon (1707-1788) o Foremost naturalist (biologist) of his day Produced influential encyclopedic volumes on natural history Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) o Comparative anatomist; founder of vertebrate paleontology Proposed that species went extinct (e.g., mastodons) o Conflicted figure in that he was a “creationist” of sorts, believing that if  something was changed within an organism it would not function well,  if at all Functions dictated design of animals
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ANTH 200Lg 1-14-09 - ANTH 200Lg 1/14/09 Scientific Method...

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