Exam 2 Reading Review

Exam 2 Reading Review - COMM 203 Exam 2 Reading Review...

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Unformatted text preview: COMM 203 Exam 2 Reading Review Smith et al. (1998 – UCSB Only) • 4 Foundations of Research o 1) Television violence contributes to harmful effects on viewers o 2) Three types of harmful effects can occur from viewing televised violence: Learning aggression attitudes and behaviors Desensitization to violence Increased fear of being victimized by violence o 3) Not all violence poses the same degree of risk of these harmful effects Contextual features that influence how audience will respond to television violence. A portrayal that poses the greatest risk for learning of aggression contains: • An attractive perpetrator • Morally justified reasons for engaging in aggression • Repeated violence that seems realistic and involves a conventional weapon • Violence that is rewarded or goes unpunished • No visible harm or pain to victim • A humorous context A portrayal that poses the greatest risk of desensitization contains: • A humorous context • Repeated or extensive violent behavior A portrayal that poses the greatest risk for audience fear contains: 1 COMM 203 Exam 2 Reading Review • Violence that is aimed at an attractive victim • Violence that seems undeserved or unjustified • Violence that seems realistic and is repeated • Violence that goes unpunished o 4) Not all viewers are affected by violence in the same way Particularly pertinent to the age of viewer, as younger viewers cognitive abilities are still developing • Factors in Table 1 2 Pictu re 1 COMM 203 Exam 2 Reading Review o Attractive Perpetrator More likely to emulate and learn form attractive characters Heroes & “good guys” acting violent poses a greater risk o Attractive Victim Victims perceived as attractive heighten audience fear o Justified Violence 3 COMM 203 Exam 2 Reading Review Motives such as self-defense of oneself or a loved one will increase chance aggression is learned o Conventional Weapons Weapons such as guns and knifes can increase aggression because they often trigger memories of past violent crimes and behaviors (priming) o Extensive/Graphic Violence Extensive or repeated violence can increase desensitization, learning and fear in viewers o Realistic Violence More likely to encourage aggression Realistic brutality can increase fear Children under 7 have difficulty distinguishing reality form fantasy on TV o Rewards and Punishments Violence that is rewarded or glamorized poses a risk Violence that is not overtly punished encourages learning of aggressive behavior o Pain/Harm Cues Showing serious harm or pain discourages viewers from imitating or learning...
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course COMM 203 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '06 term at USC.

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Exam 2 Reading Review - COMM 203 Exam 2 Reading Review...

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