POSC 130g 1-22-09

POSC 130g 1-22-09 - POSC 130g 1/22/09 Jurisdiction Defined:...

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POSC 130g 1/22/09 Jurisdiction Defined: the power and authority of a court to hear and determine a judicial  proceeding. Article III courts may only hear cases if – o Original Jurisdiction: authority of a court to hear a case in the first instance  as a trial court or o Appellate Jurisdiction: authority of a higher court to hear a judgment of a  lower court Congress has the ability to alter appellate jurisdiction 1996 – Bill Clinton signed Anti-terrorism and Effective Death  Penalty Act Jurisdiction of Parties (3 Grounds) o 1. Federal Question – issues arise under the federal Constitution, i.e.,  Search and Seizure o 2. Federal Party – you are a party to federal litigation, i.e., commit a  federal crime (rob a bank) o 3. Diversity of Citizenship – lawsuit involves two parties from different  states “Homecooking” – in-state litigants are viewed more favorably than out- of-state litigants within their home state court system Precedent: Who Follows Whom? Federal Courts
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course POSC 130g taught by Professor Below during the Spring '06 term at USC.

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POSC 130g 1-22-09 - POSC 130g 1/22/09 Jurisdiction Defined:...

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