POSC 130g 1-29-09

POSC 130g 1-29-09 - POSC 130g Reviewing Courts Duties...

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POSC 130g 1/29/09 Reviewing Courts Duties: Reviewing courts are responsible for ensuring that the lower courts  properly applied the law, not reweigh the facts  Key difference between trial and reviewing courts At trial, burden is on the prosecution to prove case. Prosecution goes first in  opening, presentation of evidence, and first and last at closing argument On appeal, burden is on the losing party below to establish error. Appellant  argues first and may offer rebuttal. Mandatory v. Discretionary Review Reviewing Courts Habeas corpus  (Latin: You (shall) have the body)  A legal action, or writ, through which a person can seek relief from the  unlawful detention of him or herself, or of another person. It protects the  individual from harming him or herself, or from being harmed by the judicial  system. The writ of habeas corpus has historically been an important  instrument for the safeguarding of individual freedom against arbitrary state  action Reversible Error v. Harmless Error
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