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Chapter 2 - Government Chapter 2 The Constitution 1 The...

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Government Chapter 2 The Constitution 1. The Declaration of Independence: a. The Second Continental Congress submitted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776; written predominantly by Thomas Jefferson i. Human beings have rights that can’t be taken away ii. The government is created by the people to protect their rights iii. If the government doesn’t protect the people, the people can withdraw from the government and create a new one b. Omissions i. Slavery ii. Women, Native Americans, African American political rights 2. Articles of Confederation: a. Confederation: Loose association of states or territorial units formed for a common purpose b. This idea seemed logical because the large expansion of the colonies made people unsure of the government’s ability to unify that many people in a republic c. Constitution: Basic framework of law that prescribes how government is to operate d. Articles of Confederation: First Constitution of the U.S., adopted in the last stages of the Revolutionary War, created a system of government with most power in the states rather than the central government i. Passed in 1781 ii. COULD make war or peace, but had to have a 9/13 majority rule iii.
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