Week 5.docx - The World of Columbus Behaims Globe 1492 proved that Columbus thought he could make it to across the world Time of Prophecies Florence

Week 5.docx - The World of Columbus Behaims Globe 1492...

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The World of Columbus Behaim’s Globe 1492, proved that Columbus thought he could make it to across the world Time of Prophecies, Florence: “furious bull, with flaming horns, tearing down this great temple” Russia: end of the Calendar Rome: Coming of Angelic Pope Ficino: this century, like a golden age, has restored to light the liberal arts Larger global 1492, Look at European expansion before 1492 Examine spain Backwater East not impressed, China Big Power Indian Ocean Center of the trade European Expansion shows need Lure of East Land of Spices, Cosmopolitan World, Religious tolerance, no central authority Ottoman Empire North Africa, World of Familiar Tensions Maghrib, small Muslim principalities (enslaving people by the Europeans) Trade and violence, Piracy and Captives Kamal Reis: Ottoman Naval Commander Defend Muslim outposts Raids Italian Coast: 1501 1000 prisoners 1499 defeats Sub\- Saharan Africa Within Africa”: Sale for gold Trans-Saharan Slave trade Gold dust, peppers, Ivory and slaves Land of Prester John Mystery and profit Christian Expansion; 711-1249 iberia under Muslim Rule
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Small Christian states Militaristic Culture Muslim States: cultural mixing, some Remain (came from slightly different culture) Portuguese Expansion 1385: John 1 Atlantic Border Seafaring People Expansionary Henry& Africa: Henry (1394-1460) 1415 Ceuta, 1437 Tangiers (failed), Order of Christ, For riches and religion (Money and Power), state driven Go South, Young Man: Caravels, Madeira (1418), Azores (1427), Raids and Trade, Reconnaissance Go East, Young Man: Drpart 1487, to Calicut & Goa, to Ethiopia, thought had found Prester John! Dies c. 1526 Rounding the Cape 1 degree/ year 1434-45 western coast 1462 Sierra Leone 1488 Dias and Cape of Good Hope Vasco da Gama’s Voyage July 1497- Aug 1499 First to Indian Ocean Breaks the Rules Mozambique: Wrong Gifts Mombasa: Plunder Ships Malindi: get Pilot Portuguese gains Calicut: not impressed: give bad goods Hard Journey back 3000% profit “Admiral of the Indian Seas” Portuguese empire: Iberian Rivalries?
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Portuguese about expansion “Spanish” about Stability Political entanglements: Unite Iberia? Powerful Nobles Isabella of Castile Born 1451, half sister of king, Isolated Childhood, Nobles make her heir, Marriage Political Noble as heir to the Throne?
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