SpellsB_M3_A2.docx - 1 Briana Spells August 3 2016 Psych...

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Briana SpellsAugust 3, 2016Psych 260Faculty ClayCognitive DevelopmentIn this paper I will focus on the perspectives of Piaget, Erikson, Skinner, and Vygotsky. I will explain and analyze how each theorist approached the issue of cognate development in early childhood. I will also be explaining the effect that society plays in achild’s cognitive development as they progress through certain stages in life. In this paper we will learn about how we study children’s development from a cognitive and psychoanalytic point of view. Psychoanalysis was first introduced my Sigmund Freud, and it is the “psychoanalytic theory is the theory of personality organization and the dynamics of personality development that guides psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology.” And the cognitive development focuses more on the child’s development of the mind.Jean Piaget’s theory “explains the mechanisms and process by which the infant, and then the child, develops into an individual who can reason and think using hypotheses.” One of the three components to Piaget’s theory is schemas, or building blocks. “A schema can be defined as a set of linked mental representations of the world, which we use both to understand and to respond to situations. The assumption is that we store these mental representations and apply them when needed.” The second component to Piaget’s theory is the adaption process, which allows children to “transition from one stage to another.” Children have to adapt to the world, as they get older. For an example 1
a child may think just because a basketball is a ball they can use that same ball for basketball and soccer. It is not until someone shows them a soccer ball is black and whiteand explain to them the difference will they be able to distinguish the difference between the two. The third component to Piaget’s theory are a child’s construction of a mental representation of the world or the stages of development; sensorimotor (Birth-2 yr.),

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