Geology Review for Test 1 - Geology Review for Test 1...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Geology Review for Test 1 Chapter 1 Catastrophism - concept that earth was formed by catastrophic events of a short-term nature Uniformitarianism -the concept that earth’s processes that have shaped Earth in the geologic past are essentially the same as those operating today James Hutton - founder of modern geology, put forth principle on uniformitarianism in Theory of the Earth Age of Earth - 4.5 billion years Oldest rocks on Earth - 4 .4, 3.8 Geologic Time Scale - the division of Earth history into blocks of time-eons, eras, periods, and epochs. Created using relative dating principles Crust - the very thin outermost layer of Earth Lithosphere - rigid outer layer of earth, including crust and upper mantle Asthenosphere - a subdivision of the mantle situated below the lithosphere, zone of weak material that exists at depths of 100km to 700 km. Easily deformed Mantle - one of earths compositional layers, solid rocky shell that extends from base of crust to 2900 km Mesosphere - part of mantle that extends from the core-mantle boundary to 660 km. Known as the lower mantle Outer core - layer beneath the mantle about 2270 km thick, properties of liquid Inner core - solid innermost layer of earth, about 1216 km in radius Key Questions How is Earth’s internal structure divided based on physical (solid vs. liquid) and chemical (composition) properties? Physical-Lithosphere- Asthenosphere, Mesosphere, Outer Core, Inner Core Chemical Composition-Crust, mantle, core Chapter 2 Divergent Boundary - two plates move apart, resulting in an upwelling of material from the mantle to create new seafloor Convergent - two plates move together, resulting in oceanic lithosphere being thrust beneath an overriding plate to be reabsorbed into the mantle. Two continental plates converge to from a mountain system Transform - a boundary in which two plates slide past one another without creating or destroying lithosphere Pangaea - proposed supercontinent that began to break apart 200 million years ago and form the present landmasses Laurasia - Northern point of Pangaea, consisting of North America and Eurasia Gondwana - southern point of Pangaea consisting of South America, Africa, Australia, India, and
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern