Chapter 8 - #$(8!olutions 1 01 01(234(5 6 7404-1(6/8-341 9 3(6 34 1;1.20<41= >/11/07(64-6/1(<2,4.54(sol$ent sol$ent=

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1 !"#$%&’ 8 !olutions 2 *+,-./+01 ! *+,-./+01 234 5+6+7404+-1 6/±.-341 +9 .:+ +3 6+34 1-;1.20<41= " >/11+,?/07 64@/-6 /1 <2,,4@ .54 sol$ent sol$ent = " >/11+,?4@ 1A4</41 234 <2,,4@ .54 solute solute = 3 *+,-./+01 ! %5434 234 .5344 1.2.41 +9 62. .43 B1+,[email protected] ,[email protected] 20@ 721E :5/<5 :540 6/±4@ .:+ 2. 2 ./64 7/?41 0/04 @/994340. [email protected] +9 6/±.-341= " *4?40 +9 .54 A+11/;/,/./41 <20 ;4 5+6+7404+-1= " %:+ +9 .54 A+11/;/,/./41 6-1. ;4 54.43+7404+-1=
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4 *+,-./+01 !even ,omogeneous Possibilities *+,-.4 *+,?40. &826A,4 ! *+,/@ G/D-/@ 12,. :2.43 ! G/D-/@ G/D-/@ 6/84@ @3/0F1 ! H21 G/D-/@ <23;+02.4@ ;4?432741 ! G/D-/@ *+,/@ @40.2, 262,7261 ! *+,/@ *+,/@ 2,,+I1 ! H21 *+,/@ 64.2, A/A41 ! H21 H21 2/3 Two ,eterogeneous Possibilities ! *+,/@ H21 @-1. /0 2/3 ! G/D-/@ H21 <,[email protected] 9+7 5 *+,-./+01 ! G23741. 1+,-./+01 +0 &23.5 234 .54 +<4201= " ±=² 8 ±³ ´± F7 +9 .54 &23.5N1 1-392<4 " "/75 <+0<40.32./+01 +9 @/11+,?4@ 12,.1 6 *+,-./+01 ! O540 2 1+,?40. 521 @/11+,?4@ /.1 ,/6/. +9 1+,-.4C .54 4issolve4 an4 un4issolve4 solutes are in equilibrium 2. <+01.20. .46A432.-34 20@ A3411-34= @/11+,?4@ 1+,-.4 ! -0@/11+,?4@ 1+,-.4
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7 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 $43<40. ;I 6211 B6P6 +3 :P:E Q ±²² R Q ±²² !"## $% #$&’() *+ !"## $% #$&’() !"## $% #$&’(,$- .,-/) (0) #$&’(,$- ,# 1)%,-)1 "# (0) #$&’() #$&2)-( !"## $% #$&’() *+ !"## $% #$&’() !"## $% #$&’() !"## $% #$&2)-( ! " # ! " # 8 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 ±E !+:N1 6/,F .IA/<2,,I <+0.2/01 ³=5 Q 1-723 ,2<.+14 B! ±´ " ´´ T ±´ E= Oµ2. /1 .µ4 6211 +9 ,2<.+14 A34140. /0 ±¶5 7 +9 6/,FV ³=5 Q ±²²Q ±¶5 ²=²³5 ±¶5 ±¶5 B²=²³5E ¶=· 3 4 &"/($#) 3 4 !,&5 3 4 &"/($#) 4 !,&5 4 3 4 &"/($#) 4 &"/($#) ! ! ! ! 9 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 ´E G2<.+14C B! ±´ " ´´ T ±´ EC /1 2 02.-32,,I +<<-33/07 1-723 9+-0@ /0 62662,/20 6/,F= "+: 620I 73261 +9 ,2<.+14 6-1. ;4 2@@4@ .+ ´5=² 7 +9 :2.43 .+ A34A234 5=²²Q B6P6E 2D-4+-1 1+,-./+0 +9 ,2<.+14V " " ´ T /1 .µ4 1+,?40.= " G2<.+14 /1 .µ4 1+,-.4= " *+,-./+0 X 1+,-.4 Y 1+,?40.
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10 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 */0<4 :4 234 -1/07 2 A43<40.274 34,2./+015/AC :4 <20 @4.436/04 .54 26+-0. +9 1+,-.4 20@ 1+,?40. /0 ±²²=² 7 +9 1+,-./+0= ²=²³²² ±²²=² ³=²² B E ±²²=² ³=²² B E B E ´³=² 3 46"!# &"/($#) #$&’(,$- 4 &"/($#) #$&’() 4 #$&’(,$- 4 #$&’() 3 4 #$&2)-( 4 #$&2)-( ! ! ! $ ! 11 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 %54 34,2./+015/A +9 1+,-.4 .+ 1+,?40. /1R % & µ µ µ ³=²² ´³=² ³=²² µ³=² ±=¶µ ´³=² 4 &"/($#) 4 7 8 4 &"/($#) 4 7 8 4 &"/($#) 4 7 8 ( ! ) * + , 12 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 $43<40. ;I ?+,-64R B?P?E ! $43<40. ;I ?+,-64 /1 -149-, 21 2 -0/. +9 <+0<40.32./+0 :540 ;+.5 .54 1+,-.4 20@ 1+,?40. 234 ,[email protected] +3 72141= Q ±²² 2$&’!) $% #$&’() *+ 2$&’!) $% #$&’() 2$&’!) $% #$&’(,$- ! "
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13 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 ! %54 0-643/<2, ?2,-4 +9 2 <+0<40.32./+0 48A34114@ 21 2 A43<40. ;I ?+,-64 7/?41 @/34<.,I .54 0-6;43 +9 6/,,/,/.431 +9 1+,-.4 /0 ±²² 6G +9 1+,-./+0= ! %54349+34C 2 ±²² [ 6G 126A,4 +9 2 ³=²Q 2,<+5+,[ /0 [ :2.43 1+,-./+0 <+0.2/01 ³=² 6G +9 2,<+5+, @/11+,?4@ /0 40+-75 :2.43 .+ 7/?4 ±²² 6G +9 1+,-./+0= 14 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 ! \+.4 .52. 1-<5 2 ³=²Q ;I ?+,-64 1+,-./+0 <+-,@ 0+. ;4 [email protected] ;I 2@@/07 ³ 6G +9 2,<+5+, .+ ´³ 6G +9 :2.43C 1/0<4 ?+,-641 +9 ,[email protected] 234 0+. -1-2,,I 2@@/./?4 = ! >/994340<41 /0 .54 :2I 6+,4<-,41 234 A2<F4@ 21 :4,, 21 /0 .54 @/1.20<41 ;4.:440 6+,4<-,41 2,6+1. 2,:2I1 341-,. /0 .54 ?+,-64 +9 2 1+,-./+0 ;4/07 @/994340. 93+6 .54 1-6 +9 .54 ?+,-641 +9 1+,-.4 20@ 1+,?40.= ! ]+3 4826A,4C .54 9/02, ?+,-64 341-,./07 93+6 .54 2@@/./+0 +9 ³²=² 6G +9 4.5I, 2,<+5+, .+ ³²=² 6G +9 :2.43 /1 ´µ=³ 6G +9 1+,-./+0= 15 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 &826A,4R # :[email protected]/4,@ :21543 1+,-./+0 /1 [email protected] ;I 6/8/07 ¶·=¸ 6G +9 64.5I, 2,<+5+, B!" T"EE :/.5 ³µ=¹ 6G +9 :2.43 .+ A3+@-<4 ¸²=² 6G +9 1+,-./+0= O52. /1 .54 <+0<40.32./+0 +9 64.5I, 2,<+5+, /0 .54 1+,-./+0 48A34114@ 21 A43<40. ;I ?+,-64 64.5I, 2,<+5+,V ! %+ <2,<-,2.4 .5/1 A43<40. ;I ?+,-64C .54 ?+,-641 +9 64.5I, 2,<+5+, 20@ 1+,-./+0 234 [email protected]@= _+.5 234 7/?40 /0 .5/1 A3+;,46= 64.5I, 2,<+5+, ?+,-64 X ¶·=¸ 6G 1+,-./+0 ?+,-64 X ¸²=² 6G ! \+.4 .52. .54 1+,-./+0 ?+,-64 /1 0+. .54 1-6 +9 .54 1+,-.4 20@ 1+,?40. ?+,-641= #1 A34?/+-1,I [email protected] ,/D-/@ ?+,-641 234 740432,,I 0+. 2@@/./?4=
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16 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 *-;1./.-./07 .54 7/?40 ?2,-41 /0.+ .54 4D-2./+0R Q ±²² 3³=8 ±²² 8²=² ´³=3Q 2$&’!) $% !)(0+& "&/$0$& *+ 2$&’!) 2$&’!) $% #$&’(,$- !9 !9 ! " ! " ! 17 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 $4µ<40. ;I ?+,-64 +9 1+,-.4 B7P6GE ! %54 .5/µ@ .IA4 +9 A4µ<40.274 -0/. /0 <+66+0 -14 /1 6211 [ ?+,-64 A4µ<40.274 B E Q ±²² B E !"## $% #$&’() 4 *+ 2$&’!) $% #$&’() 2$&’!) $% #$&’(,$- !9 ! " 18 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 ! \+.4 .52. 1A4</9/< 6211 20@ ?+,-64 -0/.1 2µ4 7/?40 /0 .54 @49/0/./+0 +9 6211 [ ?+,-64 A4µ<40.= ! %5/1 /1 04<4112µI ;4<2-14 .54 -0/.1 @+ 0+. <20<4, 21 :21 .54 <214 :/.5 6211 A4µ<40. 20@ ?+,-64 A4µ<40.= ! %54 2;;µ4?/2./+0 9+µ 6211 [ ?+,-64 A4µ<40. /1 7 8m9v: or 8w9v:.
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19 *+,-./+0 !+6A+1/./+0 &826A,4R !2,<-,2./07 .54 ‘211 +9 *+,-.4 $34140. /0 2 *+,-./+0 +9 2 H/?40 ‘211 [ a+,-64 $43<40.
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This test prep was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course CH 302 taught by Professor Holcombe during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Chapter 8 - #$(8!olutions 1 01 01(234(5 6 7404-1(6/8-341 9 3(6 34 1;1.20<41= >/11/07(64-6/1(<2,4.54(sol$ent sol$ent=

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