Public administration is at the foundation of government and plays an integral part in creating nati - Public administration is at the foundation of

Public administration is at the foundation of government and plays an integral part in creating nati

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Public administration is at the foundation of government and plays an integral part in creating national policies and programs. Within public administration there is the public sector and the private sector. The public sector is the part of an economy that is controlled by the government. Ideally, public sector is guided by principles of equality , fairness, participation, and electorial politics and due process. On the other hand the private sector is the part of the national economy that is not under direct government control. The Private Sector is ideally guided by the values of efficiency, productivity, hierarchy, competition, and entrepreneurship. Equality is the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities. A big part of the equality in the public sector is the category of gender equality. Gender equality is the view that man and woman should receive equal treatment, and should not be discriminated based on gender. It seeks to create equality in law and in social conditions, such as in democratic activities and securing equal pay for equal work to avoid complication for man and woman. Public Administration is the bedrock of government and the central instrument through which national policies and programs are implemented in an ideal world, is guided by principles of fairness, accountability justice- equality and non-discrimination. And the civil service should serve as a model where women and men equally participate and lead, including in decision-making. However, globally this is not yet reality and despite the fact that the internationally agreed target of a minimum of 30% women in leadership positions applies equally to public administrations as it does to politics, women remain underrepresented in decision making in public administration. In many developing countries, Public Administration often remains a patriarchal institution, perpetuating gender biased tradition, attitudes and practices. Efficiency is t he state or quality of being efficient. In the private sector working environment is quite competitive. The private sector is profit driven, therefore managers in private companies have an incentive to cut costs and be more efficient. Many people
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