Cold war - April 14, 2008 By time of next conference in...

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April 14, 2008 By time of next conference in Potsdam (July 1945) serious tensions had emerged FDR had died Truman took over German prime minister = Attlee Truman & Attlee met with Stalin (dictator for life) became clear that there were serious issues between former allies Delicate military balance in Europe US had trimmed forces down troops go to Japan Atom bomb made invasion of Japan unnecessary US public demanded that soldiers be sent home Small US occupation in Europe Red army didn’t demobilize at all Soviets had massive superiority in man power but US had atom bomb Major bone of contention was what to do about Germany US pursued policy of “denazification” trying to denazify German people & make them democratic (1945) Other side argued that Germany needed to be economically rebuilt thought about Versailles treaty Learn from mistakes of WWI and not repeat them Differences over treatment of Germany combined with military paranoia made Potsdam conference a disaster no agreement on unification of Germany, voting of new leader, no peace treaty signed with Germany instead Germany was divided as a result of cold war East West by 1946/46 increasing economic cooperation 1 currency economic & political unification by 1948 country would be divided Cold war begins by 1945/46 all political actors were aware that this was no longer a close alliance 1946 George Kennan US diplomat who worked in Soviet union telegram to state departments reiterated ideas in document doctrine of containment “instructed Americans on Communist way of thinking, mindset of Soviet leaders & how they interpreted behavior of capitalist nations. Soviet was an expansionist power. Communists believed in gradual triumph of communism throughout world & decline of capitalism. didn’t do things that would endanger their existence argues “soviets don’t pose a military threat but a political threat no war, but do want to take advantage of political & economical troubles that might emerge opportunists, seek to expand influence”
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course PHIL 320 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '09 term at Montclair.

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Cold war - April 14, 2008 By time of next conference in...

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