Notes 1.15.08 - king vs farmer accumulation of wealth...

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o Negative Reciprocity – trying to make an unfair deal (where you cheat the other party), typically between hostile societies Ex. Native Americans in the Plains would steal and raid different tribes in the region This is considered reciprocal because excess goods would circulate from tribe to tribe over time, things eventually get balanced out—how much can you defend? Hunter/Gatherer societies o No specialization of skills, emphasis on equality, workload divided by gender or age o No desire to accumulate wealth – you have to move that stuff around eventually o Tend to be nomadic, accumulate small multi-purpose items State level societies o Job specialization, social stratification (jobs become ranked based on importance, i.e.
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Unformatted text preview: king vs. farmer), accumulation of wealth, creates economic interdependence o Connected world civilization in trade, search for prestige items (silk was considered one of these by Europeans because it was brought from thousands of miles away) o Smaller villages would unite (sometimes forced) under a regional power Ex. Roman Empire brought once-isolated civilizations into contact with another, results in exchanging of goods/services/ideas Large scale empires fosters interdependence o State level societies Empires Globalization (Superpowers) Global Empires (none existed by definition) o...
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