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march31 - 3.31.09 Puritan New England contributes to...

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3.31.09 Puritan New England contributes to American culture an automatic sense of business & a latent sense of welfare & helping those who don’t work Southern colonies contribute an automatic sense of democracy, climbing the social ladder, & the can-do attitude Middle colonies contribute a sense of multiplicity 1700s religious history Great Awakening (free churching, inner experience, revive church-going, splits churches); pre-revolutionary seeds divisive, loud, contentious; went up & down colonies; quarter century English men & women were getting a sense of an exclusive, national, shared experience; calling for a revived religious commitment, better religious living than aristocratic England; real revolution in hearts; when we started becoming Americans Jonathan Edwards 1800s congregational churches; churchman, Calivinist, reads John Locke & other Enlightenment thinkers o comes out for New Light (controversial, emotional preaching) o preaches to passions people opposed because only God can convert people o response is that only God can do it but when he does he does it through the senses; he works through emotions; can scare people into converting o notion of true virtue matter of falling in love with God; God = self of the Universe; ordinarily we’re in love with many people/things (sin & idolatry); conversion of soul = when we fall in love with God & desire & appreciate God’s beauty (nature) o we cannot convert ourselves, only God can o free will nonexistent; are you free to decide what will appeal to you? Do you freely determine what will draw us and lure us? Do we decide what we will want? 2 American Enlightenment figures Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson o Deism believed in God (of philosophy) an initial mover o Deists = varied but not traditional church goers o
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  • Spring '09
  • Johnson
  • United States Declaration of Independence, Age of Enlightenment, enlightenment thinkers, American Enlightenment figures, king tax colonies

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