vocab list - Chapters 1 2 Ethnography Anthropology Holism...

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Mirror For Humanity Vocab Chapters 1 & 2 Ethnography - the firsthand personal study of local settings Anthropology - the study of the human species and its immediate ancestors Holism - the study of the whole of the human condition; past, present, and future, biology, society, language, and culture Cultures - traditions and customs, transmitted through learning, that form and guide the beliefs and behavior of the people exposed to them. Adaptation - the processes by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses, such as those posed by climate and topography. (Forms = technology, genetic adaptation, long-term physiological adaptation, short-term physiological adaptation.) Food production - the cultivation of plants and domestication of animals general anthropology - “four field” anthropology; includes four main subdisciplines racial classification - the attempt to assign humans to discrete categories based on common ancestry. phenotype - an organism’s evident traits, its manifest biology natural selection - the process by which the forms most fit to survive and reproduce in the same population do tropics - a belt extending about 23 degrees north and south of the equator, between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn Biocultural - the inclusion and combination of both biological and cultural perspectives and approaches to comment on or solve a particular issue or problem Cultural anthropology - the study of human society and culture, the subfield that describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences. Ethnology- examines, interprets, analyzes, and compares the results of ethnography – the data gathered in different societies archaeological anthropology - reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior and cultural patterns through material remains biological/physical anthropology - human biological diversity in time and space; unites five special interests within biological anthropology (human evolution as revealed by the fossil record; human genetics; human growth and development; human biological plasticity; the biology, evolution, behavior, and social life of monkeys, apes, and other nonhuman primates) sociolinguistics - investigates relationships between social and linguistic variation science - a “systematic field of study or body of knowledge that aims, through experiment, observation, and deduction, to produce reliable explanations of phenomena, with reference to the material and physical world.” applied anthropology - practicing cultural resource management - involves not only preserving sites but also allowing their
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vocab list - Chapters 1 2 Ethnography Anthropology Holism...

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