Assignment 1What are the types of Courts?There are Federal Court System and State Court Systems in the US.1. The State Court Systemincludes State Supreme Court and additional court such as: State Appellate court, General Trial Court, Specialty courts; Juvenile Courts Probate Courts, Family Law Courts, Lesser Courts, Municipal Courts, Justice Court and Small Claims Courts.1.1 In most states the State Supreme Courtsis the highest court and have primarily appellate jurisdiction. In a few states,’ the State Supreme court also have original jurisdiction. There is a screening process in most state supreme courts for cases, and they are required to handle cases, such as criminal cases in which the defendant has received the death penalty. The decision of a state supreme court is final except for cases with federal subject matter issues that can be appealed to the Federal Supreme Court. Also, known as “the court of appeals” “the supreme judicial court” in a few states. 1.2 General Trial Courts- Most states have trial courts of general jurisdiction that usually hear both criminal and civil cases. They are also called “superior courts,” “circuit courts,” “district courts,” or “county courts” and will hear cases that do not meet the jurisdictional requirements for the federal district courts. Decisions of the general trial courts would be appealed to State Appellate courts in that state.
1.3 Specialty Courts-These are courts with limited jurisdiction that hear cases related to specialties such as probate and family courts, juvenile courts, Municipal, Justice Courts that handle civil matters such as traffic violations or violations of noise ordinances.1.4. State Appellate Courts are courts with appellate jurisdiction that reviews the decisions of lower courts in that specific state. 1.5 Small Claims Courtsare courts at the city or country level of limited jurisdiction where parties may come to a third party, such as a justice of the peace or city judge, to help with small amounts of claimed damages in dispute to review their disputes and help to determine how they should be resolved. The parties present their cases to the judge in an informally without the strict procedural rules of courts with general jurisdiction. Small claims courts can provide inexpensive and quicker ways for resolving a dispute.2. - The Federal Court Systemincludes the U.S Supreme Court, Courts of Appeals and Federal District Courts.1. The U.S. Supreme Courtis the final court in the federal system. It has appellate jurisdiction over cases that are appealed from the federal courts of appeals and state supreme courts when a constitutional issue is involved or in a case where a state court has reversed a federal court ruling.
2. U.S. Courts of Appeals has appellate jurisdiction. Usually, consists of a panel of three judges that reviews the final decisions received in the Federal Circuit that was appealed to the Court of Appeals. Each Federal Judicial Circuit has an appellate court called the U.S. Court of