Course Hero Logo

Mughal Empire.doc - Mughal Empire From Wikipedia, the free...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 11 pages.

Mughal EmpireFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThis article's factual accuracy is disputed. Please see the relevant discussion on the talk page.(September 2008)ناهاشلوغمMogul Empire1526–1858FlagCapitalDelhi, Lahore and AgraLanguage(s)Persian (initially alsoChagatai; later also Urdu)GovernmentAbsolute monarchy, unitary governmentwith federal structureEmperor- 1526–1530Babar- 1530–1539, 1555–1556Humayun- 1556–1605Akbar- 1605–1627Jahangir- 1628–1658Shah Jahan- 1659–1707AurangzebHistory- EstablishedApril 21, 1526- EndedSeptember 21, 1857Area3,000,000 km²(1,158,306 sq mi)
Population- 1700 est.150,000,000 CurrencyRupeeThe Mughal Empire(Turkish: Babür İmparatorlugu) (Persian: ناهاشلوغمShāhān-e Moġul; self-designation: ىناكروگ- Gūrkānī)[1][2]was an Islamic Persianate[3]imperial power of the Indian subcontinent which began in 1526, ruled most of the Indian Subcontinent as Hindustan by the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and ended in the mid-19th century.[4]The Mughal Emperors were descendants of the Timurids, and at the height of their power, around 1700, they controlled most of the Indian Subcontinent— extending from present-day Bangladesh in the east to Balochistan in the west,Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south.[citation needed]Its population at that time has been estimated as between 110 and 130 million, over a territory of over 4 million km² (1.5 million mi²).[5]Following 1725 it declined rapidly, weakened by wars of succession, agrarian crises fueling local revolts, the growth of religious intolerance, and British colonialism. The lastEmperor, Bahadur Zafar Shah II, whose rule was restricted to the city of Delhi, was imprisoned and exiled by the British after the Indian Rebellion of 1857.The classic period of the Empire starts with the accession of Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar, better known as Akbar the Great, in 1556, and ends with the death of EmperorAurangzeb in 1707, although the Empire continued for another 150 years. During this period, the Empire was marked by a highly centralized administration connecting the different regions. All the significant monuments of the Mughals, their most visible legacy, date to this period.The name Mughalis derived from the original homelands of the Timurids, the Central Asian steppes once conquered by Genghis Khan and hence known as Moghulistan, "Land of Mongols". The Mughals were Persianized Turko-Mongols and are responsible for transferring the Persian literary and high culture to India, thus forming the base for the highly sophisticated Indo-Persian culture.Contents[hide][hide]1Early History
2Mughal dynasty3List of Mughal Emperors4Mughal influence on the Indian Subcontinent5Alternate meanings6See also7References8Further reading9External links[edit]Early HistoryThe foundation for the Baburids empire was established around the early 1500s by the Timurid prince Babur, when he took control of the Doaband eastern regions of Khorasan controlling the fertile Sindh region and the lower valley of the Indus River.[6]In 1526, Babur defeated the last of the Delhi Sultans,

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 11 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
Karan Jasani
Tags

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture