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OUBLE-WEIGHTED Poetry of the English Renaissance (~1500-1700) I. The Sonnet A. Watch this Video and take detailed notes below. (11 min.) (10 pts.)
● ● ●
more sonnet info Rhyme Scheme - The most common sonnet is the shakespearean sonnet or Elizabethan sonnet.
(A)(B)(A)(B), (C)(D)(C)D, (E)(F)(E)(F), (G)G. The letters that line up with each other means that
they rhyme with each other.
Petrarchan Sonnet the first two stanzas must be ABBA, ABBA and then switch to a CDECDE for
the last six. The last six are a mixture of letters. Requires more rhymes than shakespeare.
Shakespeare must come up with pears and Petrarchan must come up with 4 rhyming words.
Must clearly display the stressed and unstressed syllables. There is a rhythm to the syllables and
your ears must be trained to catch them.
It is called pentameter because of the 5 iambs or stresses. Meter just means rhythm. An
alternating rhythm is needed.
Sonnets were created to praise someone or something. Each of the 4 lines is called a quatrain.
The first 8 lines must describe the praise and the third line must contain a turn or shift. Usually the
turn contains a shift in tone, perspective, speaker, or the speaker talking to someone. The turn is
called a volta. When shifting the beginning should use “But”, “however”, “nevertheless”.
Trust is 3 lines
Couplet is 2 lines
Pentameter is 5 lines
4 lines quatrain
4 feet is tetrameter
3 feet trimeter
2 feet diameter
The conclusion is a couplet is when you give your final judgement on the poem, could return to the
beginning tone of the shifting tone. B. Based on the video, define the Literary Terms you’ll soon see on an AP MC Practice Test. Google any terms not in the video. (10 pts.) 1.
2. 3. 4.
6. sonnet - - a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically
having ten syllables per line. turn - -In a sonnet, the volta is the turn of thought or argument: in Petrarchan or Italian sonnets it
occurs between the octave and the sestet, and in Shakespearean or English before the final
couplet. English (Shakespearean) Sonnet - - There are fourteen lines in a Shakespearean sonnet. The first
twelve lines are divided into three quatrains with four lines each. In the three quatrains the poet
establishes a theme or problem and then resolves it in the final two lines, called the couplet. The
rhyme scheme of the quatrains is abab cdcd efef. quatrain --a stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes. couplet --two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit. heroic couplet -- (in verse) a pair of rhyming iambic pentameters, much used by Chaucer and the poets of
the 17th and 18th centuries such as Alexander Pope. 7. 8.
11. 12. 13.
14. Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet -- a
sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abba abba and a sestet
rhyming in any of various patterns (such as cde cde or cdc dcd) — called also Petrarchan
sonnet. Spenserian Sonnet -- a sonnet in which the lines are grouped into three interlocked quatrains
and a couplet and the rhyme scheme is abab, bcbc, cdcd, ee. sestet --the last six lines of a sonnet. octave --a poem or stanza of eight lines; an octet. slant rhyme --Half rhyme or imperfect rhyme, sometimes called near-rhyme or lazy rhyme or slant
rhyme, is a type of rhyme formed by words with similar but not identical sounds. In most
instances, either the vowel segments are different while the consonants are identical, or vice
versa. scansion --refers to the process of analyzing a poem's meter. When you practice scansion—when
you scan—you read a line of poetry, counting its feet, finding the stresses, all in the name of
sussing out which meter it follows (if any). meter - - another word for rhythm foot - - Metrical unit of 2 or 3 syllables 15. *iamb -- 2 syllables, consist of a stressed and unstressed. (U /) Dis(U)ease(/) 16. trochee -- 2 syllable consist of unstressed and stressed. (/ U) Pan(/)cake(U) 17. spondee - (/ /) fresh(/) fish(/) 18. pyrrhic -- (U U) pessi(U U)mistic(/ U) C. NOW, Write a sentence or two about the English Sonnet, including t en of the terms
above. Bold the terms you ? use. (10 pts.)
● The English Sonnet is a type of sonnet written in iambic pentameter which consists 3 quatrains and a final
couplet with the rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. While an Italian sonnet consist of an octave
rhyming and sestet rhyming in any various patterns called also a P
etrarchan sonnet. There are two parts to
an iambic pentameter which consist of a foot and meter. A foot is a basic repeated sequence of a meter
composed of two or more accented or unaccented syllables. D. Apply the Literary Terms: (10 pts.) ● Double-click the poem below.
● Perform the s
cansion on at least 8 lines that have perfect iambic pentameter.
● Also, label its r hyme scheme, quatrains, couplets, slant rhymes, and turn (volta). E. Define the recurring AP MC College Level Vocab. you’ll soon see on the AP MC practice test. ( 10 pts.) Define each of these words with 1) a close synonym or two and 2) within the context of a sentence o f your own making: ● Example: rudimentary -- (something in its earliest stages) He had only a rudimentary understanding of
physics but he still passed the course. a. Mistress -- (woman, esp. one in authority) The man does everything the m
istress a sks of him. b. Dun -- ( of a dull greyish brown color) The moldy chocolate had a dun color. c. Damasked -- ( painted) d. Reeks -- (bad odor) After band competitions the busses reek of armpit. e. Belied -- (failing to give a true impression of something) My mother belied about the roses in her garden. f. Belittling -- ( talking negatively about) Sid had the tendency of belittling his younger brother. g. Boor -- (somebody with bad manners) As a young kid, Tommy was a boor who bullied little kids. h. Paradoxical -- ( self-contradictory) It is paradoxical that standing is more tiring than walking. i. Parody -- (a humorous imitation) I watched a parody of Twilight and it was quite comical. j. Hyperbole -- (an exaggeration) My sister uses hyperboles when tattle telling on me. k. Dexterity -- ( skillfully performing a task) In the show Dexter his name is taken the word Dexterity. l. Evocation -- (calling into consciousness some feeling) In the song “Stairway to Heaven” Led Zeppelin uses evocation to express deep emotions throughout the song. m. Ambiguous -- ( have more than one interpretation) The Medical Assistant teacher was ambiguous when explaining the competency. n. Specious -- ( misleading an appearance) Malcolm always had a specious story when he did not have his assignments completed. o. Candid -- (truthful or straightforward) My sister always asks me to take candid photos of her. p. Lionizing -- ( treat as a celebrity) As a child I lionized my father. q. Extolling -- (praising highly) In Macbeth, Duncan is extremely extolling towards Macbeth. r. Philandering -- ( having affairs) In my Medical assistant competency I played the role of the philandering wife. s. Elegy -- (a poem of serious reflection lamenting for something in the past) I played the piece “An American Elegy” in band my sophomore year. t. Conceit -- (an elaborate metaphor) Alyssa became so conceited that she ended up losing all of her friends. u. Allegory -- ( some artistic piece with a hidden meaning) After reading what an allegory is our teacher asked us to analyze it in a poem. v. Apostrophe -- (directly addressing an idea, absent person thing as if it understands you) I have a tendency of apostrophing when I’m thinking aloud. F. Paraphrase each line of the poem below to be seen on the practice test: ( 10 pts.) My woman’s eyes aren’t very bright and
shiny. Her lips are not as red as the
color coral. Comparing the white snow
to the woman’s grayish-brown chest.
The woman’s hair looks like black
wires. Her cheeks are pale. The
mistress has odorous breath. He loves
her voice despite its unpleasantness.
The mistress is seen as a goddess even
though she walks with poor posture.
The love he had for the mistress was
rare. She is unique and all of the other
--William Shakespeare, 1609 poems are unoriginal. ***Note: To better understand the above sonnet, you may want to compare it to Thomas’ Watson’s poem P
assionate Century of Love, “Part VII”, written in 1582: G. Make sure you k now a ll the literary and non-literary vocabulary we covered in this file. THEN . . . (20 pts.) 1. Take the Practice AP Lit. MC Test by clicking h
ere. The results will be available through a link once you’ve submitted. 2. When done, review your results, especially the questions you got wrong. Explain below what specific
misunderstanding you had by filling out the chart. Include EVERY item you answered incorrectly. Answers like “I didn’t understand the question” or “I read the
question too fast” will be counted wrong. Be specific.
*IF YOU GET ALL THE QUESTIONS RIGHT, JUST TYPE “All correct” IN A BOX BELOW.
Paste the QUESTION Paste the Correct
Response Paste Your
response Love poetry of
the age frequently
that is, the
all men desire.
implies that this
“ideal” is b. specious when d. merely
it comes to true
foolery Explain why you think you missed it (stay specific to the question)
I was conflicted between B and D. I chose (D) because the
“Petrarchan Ideal” is viewed as pleasant, yet foolish because the
men had unrealistic expectations. But (B) made more sense
because of the word “specious” which means misleading. The
“Petrarchan Ideal” is misleading about love because love is not only
about the looks. H. NOW, write your own Sonnet! (20 pts.)
In pairs or alone, compose your own Italian or English sonnet praising something or someone.
Double-click the frame to begin composing.
● Each student types her/his own poem on his/her own file though you can collaborate on creating it.
Introduce the problem or theme in the octave and provide a solution to the problem (an effect to the cause,
etc.) in the sestet.
Make sure your meter is in perfect iambic pentameter and your rhyme scheme is accurate for the form of
sonnet you’ve chosen.
(I’m not looking for perfect poetry here--only you demonstrating that you can understand and follow a metrical
Be nice! Witty and clever are OK. Scathing and sarcastic are n
ot OK--save those for the satire unit.
Feel free to change the frame, fonts, etc. Rubric:
The poem contains . . .
14 lines of PERFECT iambic pentameter yes no A turn/volta (a clear tone or perspective shift after the 8th or 12th
line) yes no Perfect Rhyme for an English or Italian Sonnet:
ABAB CDCD EFEF GG or
ABBA ABBA CDECDE (etc) yes no Praise for someone or something yes no When you’ve completed this unit, upload this file to Schoology as a PDF and expect a test/quiz very soon on all the terms, concepts and vocabulary found herein image sources:
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