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Kenneth Pomeranz, The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of theModern World Economy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000).To start with, from reading the following book reviews as well as the name of thebook itself suggests, the book is about the Industrial Revolution that happened throughout 18-19thcenturies with two major players involved- China and Europe. According to Peter Perdue,” Kenneth Pomeranz’s insights into the Great Divergence, bring the debate on Industrial Revolution up-to-date”. While reading his review, it becomes clear why Kenneth Pomeranz decided to include both continents rather than focusing on a single one. The reason is because Europe and China were alike to the great extent from economical point of view meaning they both had similar standards of living, market development and agrarian productivity, which makes it easier to compare them.1Equivalently, Gary M. Anderson explains that if not specifically China and Europe as a whole were equal,then at least main core of former and northwestern part of latter. He also adds that” Pomeranz, instead of emphasizing on Europe as a total continent, is mostly concerned with the differences between China and England”. Apart from researching into imperial China from socioeconomic point of view, he gives 5 major arguments for Europe being special while referring to “demography,markets, luxury consumption, labor, and ecology”, and explains the importance of 1 Peter C. Perdue;” Lucky England, Normal China”; H-World (August, 2000);-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=4476
the differences that each of those countries used to possess. For example, many authors acknowledge that “Europeans tended to have demographic system with low percent as well as late marriage and unrestricted fertility within the marriage that would keep European populations down”. On the other hand, Asians were