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THEORY PRESENTATION ON DOROTHEA E. OREMNURS 600Maryville UniversityBY: Whitney Rizzo
DOROTHEA E. OREM INTROBorn in 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland.Received a diploma in nursing in 1931.Bachelor’s in Science in 1939. In 1945, Dorothea Orem, went on to obtain a Master’s Degree in Nursing Served as several different important positions and roles in her lifetime. These consisted of: teacher of biological sciences and nursing, director of the Providence Hospital School of Nursing in Detroit, Assistant Professor at the Catholic University of America, and
OREM’S DEFINITION OF NURSINGOrem defined nursing as an art and that nurses perform actions to help patients provide care for themselves by assisting them or helping them make changes in their care. (Meleis, 2018).
RATIONALE FOR SELECTIONI chose to select Dorothea Orem’s Self Care Theory because like Orem I too feel that patients can provide their own self-care.I also too know that due to sickness or being diagnosed with illnesses that sometimes patient’s may enter a deficit, and need assistance from the nurse to provide care. It is then up to the nurse to establish goals with the patient to overcome this deficit.(Hainz, 2016)
OREM’S CONTRIBUTIONS TO NURSING1959Dorothea Orem first created her definition of nursing and developed other theories such as: theory of self-care, theory of self-care deficit, and theory of nursing system.1959Orem also helped establish the “Guidelines for Developing Curricula for the Education of Practical Nurses”.1971Dorothea Orem’s first book titled: Orem’s Nursing: Concept of Practice, was first published and was completed and published in 2001 after adding more to her theory.1976In 1976, Orem earned the honorary degree of a Doctor of Science from Georgetown University. 1980In 1980, Dorothea Orem received the CUA Alumni Association Award for Nursing Theory.1992In 1992, Orem was named as Honorary Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing, and in 1998, awarded the Doctor of Nursing Honoris Causae from the University of Missouri(Taylor, Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing, 2006)
CONTRIBUTIONS TO NURSINGThe video to the right of this slide is an interview that was conducted with Dorothea Orem in 1988. In this video, she talks about how using the Self-Care Theory and model can help nurses not just focus on the tasks they must complete but move toward the development of knowledge.