ch.8 .docx - Term IDs Republicanism The Stamp Act(1765...

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Term IDs:Republicanism The Stamp Act (1765)Daughters of Liberty Boston Massacre (1770)Lexington and Concord (1775)Common Sense (by Thomas Paine, 1776)Primary Source IDs:British Cartoon, A society of Patriotic LadiesPaul Revere, The Bloody Massacre Perpetrated in King Street, Boston, on March 5, 1770Road to RevolutionI.Why the Revolution Was Crazy-Incomplete Revolution-This was a crazy thing to do, how did they possibly think they could pull this off.a.Power of the British Empire-Fought against and separate from the most powerful and profitable empire in the world-In no way was it likely to win against this empire.American RebelsStrengths: Live where the battles will be fought, gain supplies from the French if persuaded, unconventional fighters Weaknesses: Some military training, not united, generalsGreat BritainStrengths: Navy, supplies (industrialism), professional armyWeaknesses: European Rivalsb.Lack of Unity -Tried to unify colonies that had no relations before. -Great awakening: a series of religious revivals (Protestant), which were uniting them as a whole. Though it was still separated in colonies.-Consumer Revolution: more and more in British supplies were becoming consumed by the British colonies. c.Republicanism-Form of government chosen.-Is a government run and elected by the people (white male, landowners)-Was radical in the 18thCentury. -Demagogues: Is someone who takes advantage of someone’s ability.
-Will get votes because they will promise more than they can actually give. Turn out to be not in the best interest of the people. -Believed that balance was the answer. King at the top, aristocracy (House of Lords), commoners (who own property) (House of Commons)-Aristocrats would avoid rebellion and demagogues.II.Why Revolt-Didn’t set out to fight a war against the British Empire.-Didn’t set out to set up an independent Republic. -Main purpose of protest was to get back on good terms like before the 7 years war.-Tired of the new taxes, couldn’t expand into certain areas (Proclamation of 1763)III.Colonial Resistance, 1765- 1774a.The Stamp Act -Tax on colonial documents, newspapers, court documents, pamphlets, etc.-Effected more people, first tax in British Colonies from Britain whose sole purpose were to raise money.-Custom duties -Some people paid taxes to their towns but had representation.-Street Protest was an English longstanding. -Patrick Henry (House of Burgess)-Boycotts, Stamp Act Congress which had 9 delegates from colonies come to and attend-Sons of Liberty with leader of Sam Adams, Bostonian, politician.-Targeted the collectors, Andrew Oliver was the stamp act collector was the one in Boston. Made a life size doll of Andrew and would form little skits showing how bad it is and then would hang the doll.-Burned parts of the handmade building on his porch with the headlessdoll.

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