Article: 8 - The Tragedy of the Commons Author: Garrett Hardin October 27, 2017 Authors Note: The author is professor of biology, University of California, Santa Barbara. With his education and qualification, he has the experience and qualification. I am confident that what he says is true. Notes:
For the greater good humans should be happy and be able to enjoy life. Even though there is no set standard for the greater good as long as people are living comfortably then we as humans should feel good about ourselves. As humans, we want as much possession as we can we want to maximize our good and the belongings that we have to reach our highest potential. Even though we as humans want the most out of life and what we want most of is there a certain number of items where it is considered to be too much of where it becomes a burden on us because of the amount that we have to deal with. It says if we educate our children they will know the difference between right and wrong. But what says that they don’t understand that concept from just seeing what our parents are doing? People don’t always take more than what they feel they deserve. Its common courtesy to only take the amount that you feel is fair. Pollution has been the constant concern in America from when the population growth boomed and people we are doing more driving and with the more populations meant more solid waste which polluted the environment more and more. How can someone tell us how many kids we may have? That doesn’t even sound ethically okay to do because it’s against so many beliefs and cultural differences. Mutual agreements between two people have been common for some time, the bases that two people agree upon and that creates an agreement between two individuals. Necessities are something we want, not something that we need to have. Questions and Answers: What does Hardin mean by these terms: 1Q: What is the tragedy of the commons? Explain in detail what Hardin means by this phrase.
1A: A commons is a natural resource shared by many individuals. In this context, shared means that each individual does not have a claim to any part of the resource, but rather, to the use of a portion of it for his/her own benefit. The tragedy is that, in the absence of regulation, each individual will have a tendency to exploit the commons to his/her own advantage, typically without limit. Under this state of affairs, the commons are depleted and eventually ruined. The tragedy of the commons is about society and the resources that are needed to survive. The commons are considered the resources that each individual need to survive. Each individual does not have ownership of these resources rather they have access and use however much they need for their own self- benefit.
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