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84/100QUESTION 1Your nephew shows you his cool new Pokémon cards, proudly telling you that he knows that Charmander and Ponyta are both “fire type” because of the picture of the flame on the top of the card, and they’re both red. When you see him play, he plans out his attacks in a logical way, but he doesn’t predict what his opponent’s counter-attacks might be. Piaget would place him in the ________ stage of development.A.concrete operationalB.formal operationalC.preoperationalD.sensorimotorQUESTION 21.In Piaget’s view of cognitive development, assimilation has occurred when ________, and accommodation when ________.2.A.existing schemas are discarded; existing schemas are modifiedB.something new that has happened to the child is incorporated into existingschemas; new experiences are reinterpretedC.new experiences are incorporated into existing schemas; existing schemasare dramatically altered to include the new experiencesD.existing schemas are modified; existing schemas are discarded2 points QUESTION 31.Young children are able to perceive visual stimuli with the same precision as adults:2.A.about one year after birthB.when the child is approximately 4 years old.C.by 6 months of age.D.as a function of the child’s binocular disparity.2 points QUESTION 41.As described in the text, Harlow did an experiment with infant rhesus monkeys, requiring them to make a choice between an artificial mother that provided contact comfort or one that provided food. The results demonstrate that for this species:
2.A.food is used as a method for tension reduction in the young.B.infants were distressed because the “mother” providing contact comfort did not also supply food.C.food is the most important reinforcement.D.contact comfort is more important than food, particularly during stress. 2 points QUESTION 51.What makes it difficult to interpret the research on the link between marriage and happiness?2.A.Being married automatically puts people at risk for health problems which make people unhappy.B.Much of the research is correlational and also involves indirect links between marriage and happiness.C.Husbands and wives serve as social support for each other, which can be draining and actually make you less happy.D.There are confounding features, like the fact that many surveys take placeright after people get married and are still in the “honeymoon period.”2 points QUESTION 61.Dina is a 23-year old graduate student who enjoys reading books, spending time with her family, and running. Julie is a 52-year old mother of three who works in marketing and enjoys fishing in her spare time. Dina and Julie are likely to have similar levels of:2.A.hearing.B.crystalized intelligence.C.alcohol tolerance.