Exam 2 study guide - Psychophysiological Disorders...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychophysiological Disorders Psychophysiological disorder: Physical disorder that has a strong psychological basis or component o Not to be confused with conversion disorders (which have “no physical basis”) Psychophysiological disorders include any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension, headaches, asthma, IBS. .. o Often require medical treatment AND psychological treatment DSM-IV-TR criteria: o Temporal relationship between psychological factors and medical condition o Psychological factors interfere with treatment or exacerbate illness directly o Psychological factors create additional health-risk factors or exacerbate illness indirectly Stress reduction techniques along with other techniques helpful, used in Dr. B’s practice o Widely accepted, not “alternative method” concept DSM-IV criteria o Temporal you can’t just have IBS flare-up and 2 years later have some stress and anxiety unlikely stress is causing symptoms retroactively o Psychological factors when people are too embarrassed about smoking behavior to see a doctor about lung related problems Biopsychosocial Model of Health Biopsychosocial model—physical health and illness are determined by the complex interaction of biological, psychological, and social factors o Cognitive or emotional state influences the course or severity of a disease through an interaction of biological, behavioral, cognitive, and social pathways Health psychology—the study of how psychological factors influence health, illness, and health-related behavior In some states health psychologists are certified to do the same things as clinical psychologists, but others are not o Lisencesure is done state by state Stress and Stressors A psychophysiological response to events that we perceive as taxing or challenging Stressors—stimuli or events that trigger efforts to cope; experiences perceived as harmful, threatening, or challenging What can you do to move your life along a continuum rather than drop every bad habit and try to take on every good habit Stress what you feel, stressors what causes it Life-changing or life-threatening events: Catastrophic events like earthquakes, combat, and floods, major losses like the death of a loved one, a divorce, a loss of job, but also “good” but big changes like a promotion, marriage, vacations, a new baby, graduation, retirement. All these changes require us to mobilize our coping resources.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Daily Hassles: The Killer Stress o Daily hassles: Rush hour traffic, long lines, job stress, too little sleep, noise pollution, and other minor hassles are the most significant sources of chronic stress and can damage health. Many daily hassles in your routine adds up to lots of time being acutely and chronically stressed. o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 22

Exam 2 study guide - Psychophysiological Disorders...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online