Exam 2 Lecture Notes - Memory 2009-02-20 Studying Memory...

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Memory 19:04 Studying Memory The History “The High Road” – Very pure “The Low Road” o Wanted to understand what memory looks like out there in the world of  human experience Neisser: Memory outside the lab o How do people use past experiences (memories) to meet demands of  present and future? o How does memory answer: Who am I? Question of identity Video – Antonio Damasio “The Feeling of What Happened” Where did I go wrong? Fix what’s happened in the past Many things that do contribute to ongoing emotional problems we  may no longer be aware of. How will this plan be implemented? The daily plan of getting to this class How does my expertise influence my thoughts/intellectual endeavors? How is my account of the past crucial in determining a defendant’s  future?
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The Constructivist View of Memory “Memories are not simply passively recording by our sense, then stored in  their natural form in a brain bin that preserves their intial quality. ..” (Cecil) Bartlett o Psychologist of the 1 st  half of the 20 th  century o Disagreed with trace memory hypothesis Experience laves “physical record” in organism Original experience can be recalled Barlett on Constructing Memory This constructive process was memorably described by Bartlett thus: “It is  fitting to speak of every human cognitive reaction—perceiving, imaging,  remembering, thinking and reasoning—as an effort after meaning” o Maybe you don’t remember the specifics of what happened but as you tell  it they will pop up. o The way you tell a story shows what you find meaningful Memory: Constructive not reproductive What influences construction? o Memories are constructed around “charged attitudes”. “When a subject is being asked to remember, very often the first thing  that emerges is something of the nature of attitude.  The recall is then  a construction, made largely on the basis of this attitude, and its  general effect is that of justification of the attitude.” o Remembering is a social process Societal/cultural beliefs incorporated into personal beliefs Narrative conventions for storytelling influence memory o The present influences memories of past
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“The past is being continually re-made, reconstructed in the interests of  the present.” (Bartlett, 1932) A constructivist perspective suggests that memory may not be consistent. Video – True or false
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course PSY 333D taught by Professor Reeves during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Exam 2 Lecture Notes - Memory 2009-02-20 Studying Memory...

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