Language 1 - Language: An organized system of agreed upon...

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Language: An organized system of agreed upon symbols used to communicate ideas about the world Communication Any behavior that conveys a message Innate vs. Learned: Behavior appears before it is necessary Is not because of a conscious decision Is not caused by an external event Is not influenced by teaching “Milestones” exist Critical period 3 Challenging Problems : Segment the speech stream Assign meaning Figure out a grammar Segment the speech stream : Speech is a continuous stream of acoustic energy IwouldlovetogotoHawaii JegkunnegodtaenkemigattagetilHawaii Very few boundaries between words Children use:
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Recurring speech sounds Stress, rhythm and intonation Child directed speech Statistical Regularities Saffran, Aslin, & Newport (1996): Adults, Kindergartners, and 8-month olds listened to continuous strings of syllables: Golabupabikututibubabupugolabubabupu Infants preferred to listen to words with highly probably combinations of syllable (e.g., golabu and pabiku ), vs. “words” that crossed word boundaries (e.g., bupabi ). . Modular or Domain-General? Language-specific rules acquired for phonology, grammar, etc. OR, General inductive rules are used across skills to figure out regularities (Saffran et al., 1996) Speech Perception Phoneme Discrimination 1 to 4 month olds discriminate consonants such as /p/ and /b/
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Categorical Perception
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course PSY 333M taught by Professor Reeves during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Language 1 - Language: An organized system of agreed upon...

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