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Lexical Acquisition (student)

Lexical Acquisition (student) - Lexical Acquisition I Words...

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Lexical Acquisition I. Words A. Comprehension 1. ________________ vocabulary precedes _____________ vocabulary, sometimes dramatically. 2. R_____________ : principle that words (as symbols) stand for, refer to objects, actions, properties in the world. [Quine's "Gavagai" example] Full comprehension of the principle of reference entails not purely association (“Yikes” for cat—Golinkoff, Mervis, & Hirsh-Pasek, 1994). Words must stand for the referent. 3. How do infants come to connect words with items in the world? a. O________________ definition : pointing while labeling b. J_______ A________ (Tomasello): being aware of what others are attending to while labeling 3. Claim is that average child understands ___+ words by ___ months, but there are WIDE variations. B. Production 1. Pointing : nonverbal communication appears prior to actual verbal production. Early pointing is correlated with early language: a. P__________ : using pointing, touching, gesturing, to make a statement b. P__________ : using pointing, etc. to make a request or demand
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2. First word appears between 9 and 18 months of age. By age 6, average child has a vocabulary of ___________words (and thus must acquire equivalent of ___ words per day). 3. Initial vocabulary (first 50 words): -___% of vocabulary probably nouns a. N__________/class nouns ball, duckie, bottle, milk b. Proper nouns mama, dada, Spot; Annie c. Action words go, up, look d. Modifiers big, wet, all gone e. Personal social words no, please, bye bye f. Grammatical function words what, is, for 4. R___________ vs. E___________ Style a. Noun (referential) bias : especially in Western cultures, words for objects ("bottle"), people ("Mommy," "man"), and events make up a preponderance of early vocabulary.
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Lexical Acquisition (student) - Lexical Acquisition I Words...

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