Book Notes 1 - Chapter 1: An Overview of Clinical...

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Chapter 1: An Overview of Clinical Psychology (Pgs. 3-29) 21:55 Introduction 30% of adults (over 70 million people) were diagnosed with at least one psychiatric disorder over 1 year. More than 10 million - depression, bipolar disorder, and dysthymia. Over 15 million - anxiety disorders (anxiety, phobias, OCD, posttraumatic stress disorder) Over 1 million - major mental disorders (schizophrenia) 500,000 – Eating disorders Impairment attributable to mental health problems includes poor school achievement and job performance, disrupted interpersonal relationships, and decreased quality of life. Clinical psychology – the business of understanding, treating, and preventing mental health problems and their associated effects. Clinical psychologists are on the front line in the treatment of mental health problems (via various forms of psychological treatments: cognitive behavior therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, marital and family therapy). o Involved in treatment of behavioral and psychological factors related to physical diseases. o Involved in the delivery of programs to prevent mental health problems and promote positive mental and physical health. o Involved in research to better understand the causes of mental health and physical problems and create new methodology. The Field of Clinical Psychology 4 Definitions of Clinical Psychology Over 80 Years: o Lightner Witmer (1912): Methods of clinical psychology are involved whenever the status of an individual mind is determined by observation and experiment, and pedagogical treatment applied to affect change (the development of the mind). o American Psychological Association (APA) (1935): Form of applied psychology which aims to define the behavior capacities and characteristics of an individual through methods of measurement, analysis, and observation o APA (1981):
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A professional who applies principles and procedures to understand, predict, and alleviate intellectual, emotional, psychological and behavioral problems. o The Society of Clinical Psychology of the AP (2000): Integrates science, theory and practice to understand, predict, and alleviate maladjustment, disability, and discomfort as well as to promote human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development. Scope of Clinical Psychology o Strongly concerned with psychopathology, and physical illness and health. Most important characteristic that sets Clinical Psychology apart from other health professions: o Involves the application of the science of psychology to the goals of understanding and improving the well-being of individuals. (in addition to the generation of scientific knowledge about human functioning and psychological problems) “Manifesto for a Science of Clinical Psychology” by Richard McFall Cardinal Principle: Scientific clinical psychology is the only legitimate and acceptable form of clinical psychology. Argues that the alternative to this is unscientific clinical psychology (untenable
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course PSY 364 taught by Professor Telch during the Spring '06 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Book Notes 1 - Chapter 1: An Overview of Clinical...

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