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Book Notes 4 - Chapter 13 Psychotherapy Humanistic...

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Chapter 13: Psychotherapy: Humanistic, Existential, and Experiential Approaches 23:34 Introduction Position that there is something fundamentally good in all people, even when they act in terrifying ways. Variously labeled humanistic, person-centered, existential, experiential, supportive, and expressive models. o Humanistic-existential Models – Early versions of these approaches. Comprise a group of related models and methods that share many features with psychodynamic psychotherapy Reflect strong reaction against principles embodied in psychodynamic/ analytic Insight-oriented – emphasize importance of gaining increased awareness of understanding of oneself, motives, emotions in order to resolve problems, change behavior. Catharsis – Achieving insight and awareness through experiencing and release of intense, personal emotions. More positive o Process-Experiential Models – More recent versions of these therapies. Historical Background Humanistic Psychotherapy Humanistic Psychotherapy – A general set of approaches to psychotherapy that emphasize the positive aspects of human nature, the innate human tendency for positive growth, and the role of the therapist in facilitating these positive features of people to emerge in the context of therapy. Carl Rogers – the most influential figure in the development of humanistic, existential, and experimental models of psychotherapy. o Inherently more positive/optimistic view of humanity o Free will and self-determination o Client rather than patient
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Supportive, permissive, nondirective relationship between the therapist and the client Existential Psychotherapy Existential Psychotherapy – The set of approaches to psychotherapy that emphasize the human potential for free will as well as human limitations and the troubling and tragic dimensions of existence. Addresses two contrasting sides of free will—the positive sense of self-determination and the existential anxiety that is inevitable in making important choices. Self-Determination – A concept from humanistic and existential psychotherapy that reflects the belief that people are capable of controlling and directing their own lives and destinies. Gestalt Therapy – A mix of the humanistic and existential traditions. o Primary goal – to help clients understand and accept their needs, desires, strengths, and fears in order to increase their awareness of how they prevent themselves from reaching their goals and satisfying their needs. Major Theoretical Foundations Phenomenological – The belief that an individual can be understood only from the vantage point of her or his own unique perceptions and feelings. The phenomenological world of the individual includes all that is within her or his sensory awareness at a given moment in time.
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