Effectiveness_of_Psychotherapy09

Effectiveness_of_Psychotherapy09 - Objective of Todays...

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10/06/09 Effectiveness of Psychotherapy 1 Objective of Today’s Lecture Why study the effectiveness of psychotherapy? What are the current criteria for evaluating whether a treatment is efficacious? What are the research methods used to evaluate the effectiveness of psychotherapy? What does the research tell us about the effectiveness of psychotherapy?
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Why Study the Effectiveness of Psychotherapy? The Push Toward Evidenced-Based Practice 10/06/09 Effectiveness of Psychotherapy 2
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Reasons for Investigating the Efficacy of Psychotherapy Responsibility to mental health care consumers Guide clinicians in their selection of mental health treatments Be consistent with medication treatments for mental health problems Assist health policy decision-makers 10/06/09 Effectiveness of Psychotherapy 3
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What Constitutes an Efficacious Treatment? Criteria for clinical efficacy 10/06/09 Effectiveness of Psychotherapy 4
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Division 12 Task Force Criteria 10/06/09 Effectiveness of Psychotherapy 5
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APA Div 12 Criteria for Classifying Psychological Treatments as “Empirically-Supported” 10/06/09 History and Overview of ESTs 6
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Criteria for an Empirically-Supported Treatment 1. New treatment is shown to be significantly superior to no treatment, placebo, or alternative treatment or the EST is equivalent in efficacy to an established EST. NOTE: Study must have sufficient power to detect moderate differences. 10/06/09 History and Overview of ESTs 7
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10/06/09 History and Overview of ESTs 8 Criteria for an Empirically-Supported Treatment 1. These studies must have been conducted with (a) treatment manual or its logical equivalent; (b) a population, treated for specified problems, for whom inclusion criteria have been delineated in a reliable and valid manner; and (c) reliable and valid outcome assessments tapping the problems targeted for change; and (d) appropriate data analysis.
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10/06/09 History and Overview of ESTs 9 Criteria for an Empirically-Supported Treatment 1. For a designation of efficacious, the superiority of the EST must have been shown in at least two independent research settings (sample size of 3 or more at each site in the case of single case experiments). If there is conflicting evidence, the preponderance of the well- controlled data must support the EST’s efficacy.
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10/06/09 History and Overview of ESTs 10 Criteria for an Empirically-Supported Treatment 1. For a designation of possibly efficacious , one study (sample size of 3 or more at each site in the case of single case experiments) suffices in the absence of conflicting evidence.
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10/06/09 History and Overview of ESTs 11 Criteria for an Empirically-Supported Treatment 1. For a designation of efficacious and specific , the EST must have been shown to be significantly superior to pill or psychological placebo or an alternative bona fide treatment in at least two independent research settings. If there is conflicting evidence, the preponderance of the well-controlled data must support the EST’s efficacy and specificity.
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course PSY 364 taught by Professor Telch during the Spring '06 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Effectiveness_of_Psychotherapy09 - Objective of Todays...

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