Exam 1 Lecture Notes - Nature and Activities 2009-01-22...

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Nature and Activities 19:59 Overview: What is clinical psychology? How can it be distinguished from other mental health fields? What are the major activities of clinical psychologists? What are the settings in which clinical psychologists work? Definition of Clinical Psychology Witmer o Whenever the status of an individual mind is determined by observation and experiment o Pedagogical treatment applied to affect Goldberg o Search and application of psychological principles aimed at understanding the uniqueness of the individual client/patient, reducing personal distress, helping to function meaningfully and effectively Rotter o Primarily concerned with the psychological adjustment of individuals Korchin o Concerned with the understanding and improving of human functioning (of individuals in distress) o Striving through research to increase knowledge and sharpen techniques needed for future interventions Resnick o The field involves research, teaching, and services relevant to the applications of principles, methods, and procedures for understanding, predicting, and alleviating intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral maladjustment, disability and discomfort, applied to a wide range of clinical populations Society of Clinical Psychology of APA
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o The field of clinical psychology integrates science, theory and practice to understand, predict, and alleviate maladjustment, disability, and discomfort as well as to promote human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development. o Focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human functioning across the life span, in varying cultures, and all socioeconomic levels. Characteristics of Clinical Psychology Subdivision within the larger field of psychology Mostly concerned with human behavior Emphasizes role of applied science Emphasizes role of assessment Concerned with helping people in distress Distinction With Other Mental Health Professions Psychiatrist o Human biology major or pre-med major o Medical school (4 years) o Residency (3 years) Direct, hands on training o Training Shift - Major change from psychiatrist using a lot of psychology Virtually no psychology Psychologists o Psychology courses in all types o Practical training with research and assessment (less knowledge of the biological side) o Learn how to do tests
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o Given PhD o Internship (12 months) – Works directly with patients Psychiatric Social Worker o Community level and group work o Can work with masters (PhD not necessary as in independent psychology practice) o No mental illness of psychological testing required Licensed professional counselor (LPC) o Masters in counseling education o Can have an independent practice o Not all states recognize LPC’s School psychologists o Masters / PhD o Cannot practice independently with just a masters degree o Work with people of all ages
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course PSY 364 taught by Professor Telch during the Spring '06 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Exam 1 Lecture Notes - Nature and Activities 2009-01-22...

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