Exam 3 Lecture Notes - Intellectual Assessment2009-02-26...

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Intellectual Assessment 19:58 How smart are you?   Versus  How are you smart? Intelligence: Poll of laypeople and psychologists: Practical problem-solving skills Verbal skills Social competence Defining Intelligence areas: o Abstract thinking o Learning from experience o Solving problems through insight o Adjusting to new situations o Focusing and sustaining one’s abilities to achieve a desired goal Theories of Intelligence o What do we measure when we measure intelligence? Spearman’s “G” Gardner’s “multiple intelligences” Charles Spearman o Different intellectual tests correlate high
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o Hypothesized one general intelligence “G” factor that underlies all mental  abilities Multiple Intelligences Are there multiple intelligences? o Verbal o Logical-mathematical  o Bodily-kinesthetic o Visual-spatial o Musical  o Social o Personal Evidence for multiple intelligences o Neurological data Ex. brain damaged patients o Savants People with serious mental handicaps who have certain abilities Structure of Intelligence o Fluid Intelligence Culture-free mental skills  capacity to adapt to new situations o Crystallized Intelligence Specific to one culture   Achievements of intellectual activity acquired  through repeat exposure
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History of Intelligence Testing Craniometry and intelligence (1800’s) o Rationale: bigger o Heads = bigger brains o Bigger brains = smarter people o Modern studies do not support these ideas Alfred Binet o Created first intelligence test (1905) o Commissioned by French government to develop techniques for identifying  special ed kids o Binet-Simon Tests (1905, 1908, 1911) Items of increasing difficulty Age graded IQ = Mental age – Chronological Age Lewis Terman o Stanford University professor based intelligence test on Binet’s work for  use with Americans o Called revised test the Stanford-Binet o Formula for computing IQ (intelligence quotient) o Mental Age/Chronological age x 100 = IQ Definition of IQ MA: 2; CA: 3 o Binet-Simon IQ = 2 – 3 = -1 o Stanford-Binet IQ = (2/3) x 100 = 67 MA: 13; CA: 14 o Binet-Simon IQ = 13 – 14 = -1 o Stanford-Binet IQ = (13/14) x 100 = 93 Examples of items on Stanford-Binet Test Sample Test Item
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A 2 Here are some pegs of different sizes and shapes.  See whether you can  put each one into the correct hole. 4
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2009 for the course PSY 364 taught by Professor Telch during the Spring '06 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Exam 3 Lecture Notes - Intellectual Assessment2009-02-26...

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